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European Exploration of the New World

European Exploration of the New World

Europeans came to America not intending to discover a new world but to increase the power and resources of an old one. The reasons for exploration were varied and political, economic, and religious factors were all motivations to grow the empires of the Old World

 

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Kevin West

Kevin West

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Native American resistance to the Europeans was ineffective. Indigenous peoples suffered from white brutality, alcoholism, the killing and driving off of game, and the expropriation of farmland, but all these together are insufficient to explain the degree of their defeat. The crucial factor was not people, plants, or animals, but germs. The history of the United States begins with Virginia and Massachusetts, and their histories begin with epidemics of unidentified diseases. At the time of the abortive Virginia colony at Roanoke in the 1580s the nearby Amerindians “began to die quickly. The disease was so strange that they neither knew what it was, nor how to cure it.”[1] When the Pilgrims settled at Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620, they did so in a village and on a coast nearly cleared of Amerindians by a recent epidemic.

Article: European Exploration of t...
Source: European Exploration of t...
Kevin West

Kevin West

5 Knowledge Cards 

7) What was the specific reason for the defeat of Native Americans, according to this passage?

8) Given the benefits/consequences and knowing what you know now about disease, trade, and population expansion would you have encouraged the exploration of new world?

Prompt:

While continuing to critically examine and think about the documents you've just viewed, answer the following question. Did the benefits of exploration outweigh its consequences?

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As Europeans explored and claimed land in the Americas, they had relations with the Native Americans in the area. Native Americans and Europeans adopted elements of each other’s cultures. Historians called this the Colombian Exchange.

Article: 4th Grade History Part 1:...
Source: 4th Grade History Part 1:...
Kevin West

Kevin West

5 Knowledge Cards 

Examine the Info Graphic about Trade Routes of the Columbian Exchange on the linked page and answer the following:

5) Using the images, explain one benefit of exploration and newly created trade routes?

6) Using the images, explain one consequence of exploration and newly created trade routes?

 

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Christopher Columbus: The First Voyage

At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid. Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: They sailed south along the West African coast and around the Cape of Good Hope.

Article: The History Channel
Source: History
Kevin West

Kevin West

5 Knowledge Cards 

3) Use a quote from the text to support a benefit/consequence of the voyages.

4) List facts from the text to support your position from question 1.

*Make sure you record key words from each paragraph as you read.

**Record details and vocabulary that explain the main idea of this secondary source as you read

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Why They Came

Europeans came to America not intending to discover a new world but to increase the power and resources of an old one. Some came for political reasons, on behalf of powerful European kings and queens who sought to expand their empires. Many came for economic reasons, to reach the silks and spices of China and India or, failing that, to see what resources this continent had to offer. Still others came primarily for religious reasons, either to escape persecution at home or to convert the Natives to Christianity.

Article: Mashantucket Pequot Museu...
Source: Mashantucket Pequot Museu...
Kevin West

Kevin West

5 Knowledge Cards 

1) Use a quote from the text to support a benefit/consequence of the voyages.

2) List facts from the text to support your position from question 1.

*Make sure you record key words from each paragraph as you read.

**Record details and vocabulary that explain the main idea of this secondary source as you read

Reply
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