The archipelago of Hawaii is the only state in the US that produces coffee and vanilla. Coffee is grown in a total land area of 6,200 acres. Known coffee variety from the state is Kona coffee.
Flavored coffees, with such enticing labels as “Raspberry Chocolate Truffle” or “Cinnamon Vanilla Swirl,” are created just after the roasting process. Oily flavor derivatives in liquid form, either from natural ingredients or synthesized, are applied - soaked, dipped, sprayed - to coffee beans warm from the roaster. Coffee beans are not very porous, so flavors additives don’t penetrate very deep; it’s more ON the bean than IN the bean. The coated coffee is quickly packaged to minimize the flavor’s evaporation.
Most coffee beans develop into two parts, like a pea cut in half growing inside the same coffee cherry. Their pairing causes them to develop a flat side facing each other; hence they are referred to as “flat berries.” A Peaberry is rare single bean growing within the coffee cherry that take on a round, pea-like form, hence the name. Only 5% of coffee harvested are Peaberry beans and are smaller in size and twice as robust in flavor.
It is certain that coffee first spread from Africa to the Middle East. Islam prohibits the drinking of alcohol and the Muslim travelers needed some stimulant. Coffee, much like alcohol, performed the job wonderfully. This need made coffee popular, first among the travelers and then through out the region. From there it spread to Europe and the Arabic name ‘qahavah’ was translated as coffeum in Latin. It is from Latin that the modern English name for coffee comes from.
Legend has it that the discovery of the effects of caffeine in coffee berries was first made by goats. As related in The Thousand and One Nights a Yemeni goat herder was dismayed by the non-stop energy displayed by his goats, especially at night when they should have been sleeping. He and the wise men in his village discovered that the goats were eating vast quantities of berries growing wild in the hills. The wise men tried the berries and got a kick. Man’s enjoyment of and addiction to caffeine had begun.
You might think you get a better buzz for the buck from that cup of espresso, but you would be wrong. After a four-minute brew in a French press, a six-ounce cup will deliver up to three times the caffeine as found in a short espresso. The longer the coffee spends in the brewing process the higher the caffeine content.
Brazil produced a postal stamp that smelled like coffee in December of 2001. It was designed to promote their coffee and the smell is supposed to last for up to 5 years.
Coffee contains over 1200 chemicals and over half of those are responsible for creating its flavor.
The first coffeehouse in Europe opened in Venice in 1683, though coffee had been available since 1608, mostly for the upper class. Coffeehouses have historically been a popular meeting place for revolutionaries and political debate. In France, the revolutionists began discussion of the bourgeoisie in Parisian coffeehouses; the founding fathers of the United States formed their national policies in coffeehouses. The Boston Tea Party of 1773 convened in a coffeehouse. The heavy tea tax had prompted Americans to switch to coffee as an expression of freedom.
Coffee is actually the world’s second most traded commodity, taking a backseat only to petroleum, with the coffee market earning nearly sixty billion dollars annually.