Angus offer a combination of traits that can help save producers time and money. Angus are low-maintenance, adaptable, and undemanding, and their docile nature provides unmatched convenience. Angus cattle are naturally polled, allowing producers to use Angus bulls to genetically dehorn without the increased morbidity and impaired performance associated with traditional dehorning. Also, the breed’s dark-pigmented skin absorbs sunlight and helps prevent cancer eye, a common condition affecting other breeds. In the same way, Angus cattle are able to avoid sunburned or snowburned udders common to light-skinned breeds in certain parts of the
Angus cows are known for their inherent mothering and calf-rearing abilities. They have superior milking capabilities and udder soundness, along with high fertility and a docile nature, making them ideal mothers. Plus, the breed’s moderate size and ﬂeshing ability allows Angus females to mature early, breed back quickly and have comparatively short gestation periods. These important traits help make Angus females invaluable to an industry that depends on reproductive performance.
In turn, stressful states cause the animal to have an impaired immune system, thereby causing them to succumb to disease. Thus, keeping basic behavioral principles in mind and allowing cattle to exhibit normal behaviors while at the same time decreasing deleterious behaviors such as aggression will help to optimize well-being. Some management procedures are inherently stressful, such as weaning and transportation. Thus, extra care should be taken during these times to minimize stress as much as possible. Keen observation of the behavior of each individual will allow the stockperson to detect when specific animals are overly stressed and to act accordingly to reduce this negative state and increase animal well-being.
The size of the flight zone will vary from a few feet to over 1,000 feet. The size of the flight zone usually depends on three factors. They are genetics, quantity of experience around people, and the handling methods. Cattle that re fed every day by people usually have a smaller flight zone than cattle that seldom see people. Cattle that have been handled roughly will often have a larger flight zone. The best place for the handler to work is on the edge of the flight zone. Deep penetration of the flight zone will cause cattle to run away. In a small confined pen, deep penetration may cause cattle to turn back and run past the handler. They do this because they want to get away. When cattle are moving in the desired direction, the handler should back off and reduce pressure on the flight zone. When they stop moving, the flight zone should be penetrated.
Don’t keep animals penned alone. “One of the most dangerous animals is the lone animal,” says Temple. Being alone is highly stressful, so bring some other animals in with it, she suggests.
Don’t select for temperament only. Temple cautions that single trait selection is never a good idea. As an example, she says if you select only for calm cattle, you’ll likely get cows who aren’t good mothers in caring for their calf. That said, wild animals don’t habituate,but just get more scared and probably need to be culled, says Temple. So seek some middle ground in selecting for disposition.
The first step in adopting low stress cattle handling practices is to develop a calm attitude when moving cattle.
-Learn Behavior Principles
-Fill Crowd Pen Half Full
Cattle can obtain most of the nutrients and energy they need for growth and production from good-quality grasses alone. Grasses, clovers, and alfalfa are the most abundant natural resources available for feeding cattle and are the least expensive crop to produce and harvest.
A cow's selection of food is partly instinctive and partly learned from experience with various feeds. For instance, a cow that's never had grain may refuse to eat it... Calves learn much of their food preferences by mimicking the other herd members, especially their mothers.
Cattle are ruminants, which means their stomachs have chambers. The chambers are basically fermentation vats that break down plants and grain into carbohydrates, proteins, enzymes, and other components needed for growth, maintenance or milk production.
Pecking order is an important fact of life for herd animals. the bossiest most aggressive cow is "top cow"- she gets first choice of feed and water. Other herd members fight to determine who is next in the pecking order.
Texas ranks first in the nation in total cattle numbers (14 million head) and also has the broadest spectrum of producers and variation in production environments. The beef cattle industry is by far the largest sector in the Texas agriculture industry.