Grammostola pulchra is a terrestrial tarantula native to Brazil. The species is desirable in the pet trade because of their females, long life and reputation for being docile and gentle in temperament, as well as for its appealing dark coloration. These traits make them rather expensive when buying from a breeder.
Brazilian Black Tarantulas can do very well in captivity. They are also known to be one of the most docile species of tarantulas and can be easily handled. They are one of the main tarantula species recommended for beginning keepers.
Brazilian Black Tarantulas are a South American Tarantula Species. They can be found in Brazil and Uruguay.
Brazilian black tarantulas are named for their deep color. They are darkest immediately after molting, although the legs of the Brazilian black tarantula often bear gray hair.
[Brazilian black tarantula] adults measure between five and six inches and do not reach maturity until their seventh year. These tarantulas are capable of living for over 20 years.
[Brazilian Black Tarantulas can be found] in grasslands and forests. Brazilian black tarantulas will often take over the burrows of other animals rather than dig its own. These burrows are often located beneath some type of object such as the base of a tree trunk or rock outcrop.
The breeding season is generally June to September and when a male finds a female he touches her with his leg. If receptive, the female raises her front legs, opens her fangs and moves closer. The male has hooks on his front legs which he uses to hold the fangs open. He then inserts the palpal bulb into the female's seminal receptacle to deliver the sperm.
[Brazilian Black Tarantula's] bite is mildly toxic and is similar to that of a bee sting. Some species are more poisonous, but there haven't been any confirmed deaths from tarantula bites.
The Brazilian Black usually has a calm temperament. They have two spinnerettes on the caudal portion of the abdomen which produce the silk. The silk is used to wrap up prey, make a molting shelter, or as a security dragline.
[The Brazilian Black Tarantula's] scientific name is Grammostola pulchra. They are of the same genus of the Chilean Rose Hair Tarantula, but are slightly larger and more active. They are solitary, and are predominately nocturnal.
The Brazilian Black is considered a slow grower; it can reach up to 4” in the first year of its life, but continues slowly throughout the rest. The females live up to 20 years, which is much longer than the males, who live 5-7 years.