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Cardinal

Cardinal

Cardinals, which make up the family Cardinalidae, are a passerine birds found in North and South America. They are also known as cardinal-grosbeaks and cardinal-buntings.

 

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David Watkins

David Watkins

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Curated Facts

Cardinals often nest around houses. Fruiting ornamental shrubs provide nourishment and dense nesting habitat.

Article:   Birdlife of Houston, Galv…
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

The cardinal's appearance is not the only thing that demands attention. It sings a loud song.

Article:   Birdlife of Houston, Galv…
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

In 1882, J.M. Wheaton reported seeing more than one hundred cardinals during a one-hour period in central portions of Ohio. During this period, some people trapped cardinals and sold them to people as pets.

Article: Ohio's State Bird - The C...
Source: Ohio History Central

Cardinals are an edge animal, living in shrubs and thickets, along the edges where woodlands meet fields, and in urban and suburban yards. In the 1700s, Ohio was 95% forested with very little appropriate habitat for cardinals. As forests were cleared, the habitat became more suitable for cardinals.

Article: Ohio's State Bird - The C...
Source: Ohio History Central

The female cardinal usually lays four eggs. The eggs take about 12 days to hatch. Cardinals usually build cup-shaped nests in small trees, bushes, shrubs and thick vines that are no more than three to eight feet off the ground.

Article: Northern Cardinal - ...
Source: Northern Cardinal - Cardi...

Cardinals usually raise two broods of young a year. They mate in March and again from May to July.

Article: Northern Cardinal - ...
Source: Northern Cardinal - Cardi...

A study has shown that northern cardinals eat a wide variety of foods. These include 51 kinds of beetles, four types of grasshoppers, termites, ants, flies, dragonflies and 12 kinds of homoptera which includes leaf hoppers, cicadas and aphids.

Article: West Virginia Highlands V...
Source: West Virginia Highlands V...

The brighter red cardinal males prefer territories in thick vegetation. They feed at faster rates and are more successful in reproducing.

Article: West Virginia Highlands V...
Source: West Virginia Highlands V...

The bright red cardinal males are easily spotted. However, female cardinals are brown with a dusty red crest.

Article: Indiana State Bird
Source: Indiana State Bird — In...

In 1933, the Indiana General Assembly chose the cardinal to be the state bird of Indiana. Also known as the redbird, the cardinal is the state bird of seven states: Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, North Carolina, Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia.

Article: Indiana State Bird
Source: Indiana State Bird — In...
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