The term hawk can be used in several ways: In strict usage in Australia and Africa, to mean any of the species in the subfamily Accipitrinae, which comprises the genera Accipiter, Micronisus, Melierax, Urotriorchis and Megatriorchis. The large and widespread Accipiter genus includes goshawks, sparrowhawks, the Sharp-shinned Hawk and others.
Eagles and Hawks are members of the Accipitridae family of the Accipitriformes order (diurnal birds of prey). Buzzards, harriers, kites, and Old World vultures are also members of this family, with the Osprey and New World vultures generally considered to belong to separate families within the same order.
Seahawk is but one of many nicknames for the awesome Osprey (Pandion haliaetus). This large, long-winged bird of prey cuts a striking figure, dark chocolate brown above and white below with a strong black line through its eye.
Suitable habitat along migration routes is key to the survival of migratory birds, and locating these routes is crucial to their conservation.
The Northern Hawk Owl is somewhat hawk-like in both looks and behavior. They have long tails compared to most owls, have a less "upright" posture when perched compared to most owls, and often hunt during both the day and night.
Hawks are carnivores (meat eaters) that belong to the category of birds known as raptors -- birds of prey. They have strong, hooked beaks; their feet have three toes pointed forward and one turned back; and their claws, or talons, are long, curved and very sharp.
A Cooper's Hawk captures a bird with its feet and kills it by repeated squeezing. Falcons tend to kill their prey by biting it, but Cooper’s Hawks hold their catch away from the body until it dies. They’ve even been known to drown their prey, holding a bird underwater until it stopped moving.
Peregrine falcons are among the world's most common birds of prey and live on all continents except Antarctica. They prefer wide-open spaces, and thrive near coasts where shorebirds are common, but they can be found everywhere from tundra to deserts.
The Harris Hawk, formerly known as the Bay Winged Hawk, is a rather tame hawk. Both the male and female Harris Hawk are dark brown in coloring with chestnut colored shoulders, thighs and underwings.
Hawks, as part of the group known as birds of prey, have acute eyesight, muscular legs and sharp bills. The nostrils are located just above the bill on a fleshy patch of skin that is called the cere.
Hawkwatching, unlike most other wildlife activities, is best during the middle of the day. Generally, the raptors don't start flying until 8am, and they taper off after 4pm.
Red-tailed hawks are known for their brick-colored tails, but there are 14 subspecies of various colorations, and not all of them have this characteristic.