White pelicans are common visitors to Texas. They migrate to Texas and breed in the area.
White pelicans are not restricted to the coast like brown pelicans. Huge flocks of them cover eastern and southern Mexico.
During their breeding season 90%of the California brown pelican’s diet consists of the northern anchovy. Generally, they feed on this northern anchovy, the Pacific sardine and the Pacific mackerel.
The brown pelican is the only pelican that is a plunge diver. It scans the ocean for the reflections off of the silvery scales of schooling fish.
The great white pelican's face from the eye up to the bill is bare and fleshy pink. The head has a white crest of long, bushy feathers. The body feathers are creamy white with black tips to the wings. The feet are yellow and strongly webbed
The great white pelican has a spectacular azure blue bill with a central red stripe, and ending in a small, red hook. Beneath the lower jaw of the pelican, and extending to the base of the throat, is a bright yellow, elastic pouch that can hold a large volume of fish.
A marine pelican species, the California Brown Pelican can be found resting and roosting overnight on offshore rocks and islands, in bays and river mouths with sand bars, on jetties, pilings, and even boats along the Pacific coast. They normally feed within 8 km of land and are rarely seen more than 32 km out at sea.
The California Brown Pelican, a subspecies of P. occidentalis, is the smallest member of the pelican family. It is easily recognizable because of its famous pouched bill that inspired the limerick: that begins: “A wonderful bird is the pelican. His bill will hold more than his belican”.
Unlike most birds, which warm their eggs with the skin of their breasts, pelicans incubate their eggs with their feet. They hold the eggs under the webs that stretch from the front toes to the hind toe, essentially standing on the eggs to warm them. This peculiar incubation method made them vulnerable to the effects of the pesticide DDT.
While the Brown Pelican is draining the water from its bill after a dive, gulls often try to steal the fish right out of its pouch. They sometimes even perch on the pelican's head or back and reach in.