Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (25/27 February 1861 – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect, and esotericist. Steiner gained initial recognition as a literary critic and cultural philosopher. At the beginning of the 20th century, he founded a spiritual movement, Anthroposophy.
Rudolf Steiner was an Austrian philosopher, playwright and artist who lived between 1861 and 1925. He founded a spiritual movement called Anthroposophy,
During his life, he was known as a literary scholar, artist, playwright and social thinker. An important influence on his life was Johann Wolfgang Goethe who wrote that "thinking is no more and no less an organ of perfection than the eye or ear - just as the eye perceives colours and the ear sounds, so thinking perceives ideas".
The most intriguing feature of the Rudolf Steiner Seminary Culture House is its form. The external walls curve gently, and the roofs reach out to join the walls' curvilinear paths. At the southwest corner, the roof and the walls join in an upward ascendance to meet a rising chimney. The structure embodies Steiner's view that the form of a building must derive from the nature of the activities inside.
After an abortive attempt to build a centre for the anthroposophical movement in Munich, Rudolf Steiner was able to erect the headquarters of his new organization not far from Basel. His entirely timber-clad design was made in 1913. Building soon began and the first Goetheanum was opened in 1920.
At once a philosopher, educational and medical reformist, mystic and artist, Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) was the founder of a spiritual movement he dubbed Anthroposophy, and of the famous school system that bears his name.
He saw all natural phenomena as interconnected spiritually and dependent on the larger whole. To explore the integrative and holistic ideals of anthroposophy, Swedish architect Erik Asmussen built the Rudolf Steiner Seminary, at Järna, Sweden
In 1924, a group of farmers concerned about the future of agriculture requested Steiner's help; Steiner responded with a lecture series on agriculture. This was the origin of biodynamic agriculture, which is now practiced throughout much of Europe, North America, and Australasia.
Steiner suggested that the cultural, political and economic spheres of society needed to be sufficiently independent of one another to be able to mutually correct each other in an ongoing way. He suggested that human society had been moving slowly, over thousands of years, toward articulation of society into three independent yet mutually corrective realms.
The Kindergarten in the Rudolf Steiner school system of education promotes a circular shaped, teaching environment with rounded ceilings, soft edges and the shaping of space to enclose and hold the activities of the Teacher and Children
Steiner believed that education should be systematically designed to meet each individual child's changing needs physically, mentally and emotionally. But his system appears to have been based on his own belief in anthroposophy or spiritual 'science'.
The main theme and aim of Rudolf Steiner's architecture-theory is to have nature, human, society and architecture harmonize with each other, unify them and then bring about a harmonious development of the earth through creating the true spiritual, artistic architecture.