One of the significant streams of Abstract Expressionism is the Action Painting. The term "Action Painting" was used for the first time in 1952 to describe the works of painters such as Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline and Willem de Kooning.
In Geometric Abstraction, many different attitudes are joined together, from the Dutch neoplasticism of Piet Modrian to the utilitarian concept of Art expounded by the Bauhaus movement in Germany
If Cubism opened the road to simplifying form through geometry, Geometric Abstraction was able to pass the threshold of what is real to achieve the purest form.
Pablo Picasso, who pioneered cubism, painted this work in 1907. Despite not being fully abstract, it contains many elements of distortion and abstraction and was quite unlike anything that had been painted before.
Wassily Kandinsky was a prolific painter and has left an enormous body of abstract art. He has been often credited with creating the world's first purely abstract painting (an untitled watercolor, now in the centre George Pomidou, Paris).
Yet the abstractness of a work of art seems to be something quite different from that of science, mathematics, or logic.
All genuine art is abstract. The schematized shapes usually called “abstractions” in painting and sculpture present a very striking technical device for achieving artistic abstraction, but the result is neither more nor less abstract than any successful work in the “great tradition,” or for that matter in Egyptian, Peruvian, or Chinese art—that is, in any tradition whatever.
Initiated by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in 1908–9, Cubism subverted the traditional depiction relying upon the imitation of forms of the surrounding visual world in the illusionistic—post-Renaissance—perspectival space.
The pictorial language of geometric abstraction, based on the use of simple geometric forms placed in nonillusionistic space and combined into nonobjective compositions, evolved as the logical conclusion of the Cubist destruction and reformulation of the established conventions of form and space.
Abstraction usually refers to Abstract Art, artworks that do not represent a being, place or thing.
To 'abstract' means to draw away from, to separate, not to refer to something particular anymore.