François-Auguste-René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin), was a French sculptor. Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past. He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition.
Henri Matisse was influenced by the spontaneity of his drawings, while Cubists and Futurists were fascinated by his sense of motion and the fragmentation of his human forms.
Rodin worked in Belgium for several years as a anonymous sculptor where he created his first true masterpiece L'Age d'Airin and exhibited it at the Paris Salon of 1877.
Auguste Rodin travelled to Italy to discover the masters of the Renaissance. On his return in 1877, influenced by the art of Michelangelo and Donatello, he produced his first great work: L'Âge d'airain (The Age of Bronze).
Auguste Rodin sculptures were created out of plaster, bronze, and marble, and were actually carved by professional craftsmen with the occasional assistance from Auguste Rodin.
he abandoned the polished and idealized figures of academic sculpture and produced rougher, more unfinished surfaces, which better expressed restlessness, corporeality, and movement.
Very few would dispute the statement that Rodin was the greatest genius in the world of sculpture in the late 19th century.
François Auguste Rodin, the son of a police inspector, was born in Paris, France, on November 12, 1840. A shy child, Rodin showed little interest in anything besides drawing, and by the time he turned thirteen he had decided to dedicate his life to becoming an artist.
the clay models for individual figures and sections of the relief could not be prevented from drying out and crumbling during the decades that Rodin remained at work on the project. Rodin removed them from the framework of the portal and preserved them in the more permanent form of plaster. In the process, he began to isolate, modify, and recombine them.
Rodin models a bust of the founder of the order, Father Eymard, who recognizes Rodin´s true vocation; he advises him to leave the order and live for his talent.
Rodin succeeded in his breakthrough as a sculptor with "The Age of Bronze" (1876). In order to study the Gothic cathedrals, he traveled through France in 1877 and published the treatise "Les Cathédrales de France", which contains his studies of architectural details and observations about the Gothic style in 1914.
The hallmarks of Rodin's style—his affinity for the partial figure, his focus on formal qualities and relationships rather than on narrative structure, and his desire to retain the marks of the sculptural process on his finished works—were revolutionary in his time.
Although he did not live to finish Gates of Hell, two of its many figures, The Thinker (1880) and The Kiss (1886) became his most famous images.
Not long after in 1880, he was offered a commission from the French government to design the doors to a new museum of modern art.
Rejected three times by a well-known art school, he supported himself by doing decorative work for ornamentalists and set designers.
few who recognize Rodin's sculptures have failed to be moved by them. His genius was to express inner truths of the human psyche, and his gaze penetrated beneath the external appearance of the world.
He is considered to be the founder of Impressionist style in the art of the sculpture.