Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746–16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown, and through his works was both a commentator on and chronicler of his era.
In the 1760s, through connections with his teacher Bayeau, Goya began work on many large scale decorative efforts for the Escorial and the Palacio Real del Pardo. His work met the approval and appreciation of the Spanish nobility and brought him great popularity among his new noble patrons.
Francisco de Goya is an innovative Spanish Romanticism painter, one of the great Spanish masters. As an artist, Goya was by temperament far removed from the classicals. In a few works he approached Classical style, but in the greater part of his work the Romantic triumphed.
Goya had witnessed the horrors of war at first hand during the French occupation of Spain and he drew on this for two of the paintings that he completed in 1814. The Second of May, 1808 and Third of May, 1808 both depict brutal massacres of his countrymen by the French.
When over the weekend the Mumbai police announced that they had recovered Francisco Goya's 'Saturn Devouring His Son' (1819-1823) from the residence of real estate agent Majeed Sultan Khan, neither the Museo del Prado, Madrid, nor the Art Loss Register, a global database of lost and stolen art, batted an eyelid.
By the end of the 18th century, Goya's talents had been rewarded and he had attained the post of First Painter to the Spanish monarch, King Charles IV. This enviable position was to be short lived, due to the poor judgment of the King.
Goya's Caprichos: #43-The sleep of reason produces monsters
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To Goya, living his times, representing modernity, is also to describe himself in the first person: "I have seen", he wrote at the bottom of a brutal scene of his Desastres de la Guerra. "I am still learning", he would say of himself at the end of his days.
Goya represents modernity because he lived his times with total surrender and generosity. To each radical transformation and change of his times corresponds a deep commotion in his personal life, his character, his artistic creation.
The Spanish neoclassical artist Francisco Goya had panache for often ominous compositions with dark imagery.
From 1773, after spending a year in Italy, Goya worked on a number of other fresco projects including one for the Charterhouse of Aula Dei near Zaragoza. However, it was in 1798 that he worked on his greatest fresco project for the Church of San Antonio de la Florida, Madrid.
Francisco Goya was born in 1746 in a small town near Zaragoza. When he was 14 he began a 4 year apprenticeship to a local master, José Luzan. Goya then left for Madrid with the intention of winning a prize at the Academy of San Fernando.
In 1770s, Goya began to work for Spanish royal court. In addition to his commissioned portraits of the nobility, he created works that criticized the social and political problems of his era.