Painting landscapes presented a great challenge to artists and many rose to that challenge making it an important genre in its own right.
However, it is difficult to paint a successful landscape as it is very hard to capture a 3D view in 2D. In the past, rules of perspective, use of colour and effective compositions were all things that had to be experimented with.
One of the earliest recorded colour discoveries was made by Plato who discovered that by mixing two colours, a third is produced, therefore changing the, 'manufacture', of colour forever.
Evidence survives in early cave paintings and the ancient Chinese are considered to have brought its manufacture and use to a state of perfection tens of thousands of years ago.
Artists had to formulate, prepare and grind their own watercolor paint and tended to keep their secret recipes and methods to themselves.
The usual method of preparing to paint included "rubbing up" your colors with water on a stone or ceramic dish as you would a sumi-e ink stick. Grinding your paint in water was a tedious but necessary step repeated every time you set up to paint.
Part of the joy of painting in the 21st century is the range of art styles to choose from. The late 19th century and 20th century saw artists make huge leaps in painting styles, influenced by technology, such as the invention of the metal paint tube and photography, as well as world events.
There are different types of paintings, and abstract painting is one that is taken up by many artists to give out expression to the complexities of the thought process.
Representation of the inner thoughts, and expressions of the mind often comes out as a form of art, and when the expression comes out on white canvas with splashes of colors, you can call it painting.
Mural painting has its roots in the primeval instincts of people to decorate their surroundings and to use wall surfaces as a form for expressing ideas, emotions, and beliefs.