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Realism

Realism

Realism in the arts may be generally defined as the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, implausible, exotic and supernatural elements.

 

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Kimberly Bear

Kimberly Bear

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In the visual arts, for example, realism can be found in ancient Hellenistic Greek sculptures accurately portraying boxers and decrepit old women.

Article: realism
Source: Britannica Online Encyclo...

Realism rejects imaginative idealization in favour of a close observation of outward appearances.

Article: realism
Source: Britannica Online Encyclo...

The artists of the Realist school which emerged in France in the mid 1800's wanted to do away with the idealization of subjects which was a common feature of some other art movements such as Neoclassicism and Romanticism.

Article: Realism - Art Style
Source: Realism - Art Style

Major realists included Gustave Courbet, J. F. Millet, and Honoré Daumier.

Article: realism
Source: Infoplease

Realist literature is defined particularly as the fiction produced in Europe and the United States from about 1840 until the 1890s, when realism was superseded by naturalism.

Article: Realism (art and literatu...
Source: Realism (art and literatu...

Courbet (1819–1877) established himself as the leading proponent of Realism by challenging the primacy of history painting, long favored at the official Salons and the École des Beaux-Arts, the state-sponsored art academy.

Article: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art...
Source: Nineteenth-Century French...
Kimberly Bear

Kimberly Bear

39 Knowledge Cards 

The groundbreaking works that Courbet exhibited at the Paris Salons of 1849 and 1850–51—notably A Burial at Ornans (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) and The Stonebreakers (destroyed)—portrayed ordinary people from the artist's native region on the monumental scale formerly reserved for the elevating themes of history painting.

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The Realist movement in French art flourished from about 1840 until the late nineteenth century, and sought to convey a truthful and objective vision of contemporary life.

Article: Heilbrunn Timeline of Art...
Source: Nineteenth-Century French...
Kimberly Bear

Kimberly Bear

39 Knowledge Cards 

Realism emerged in the aftermath of the Revolution of 1848 that overturned the monarchy of Louis-Philippe and developed during the period of the Second Empire under Napoleon III.

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They painted in a style that “demanded detail – local color in a literary as well as in an artistic sense – and detail rendered with illusionistic veracity; the button-hole of a cloak, the pommel of a dagger.”

Article: Realism and Art History
Source: Realism and Art History

Artists moved away from the Age of Reason of the 18th century to a new need for creating art with historical and realistic accuracy. According to Honour and Fleming, the moderate painters of France were known as the juste milieu, or the happy medium.

Article: Realism and Art History
Source: Realism and Art History

Realism sets as a goal not imitating past artistic achievements but the truthful and accurate depiction of the models that nature and contemporary life offer to the artist.

Article: Realism - Realism Art
Source: Realism - Realism Art
Kimberly Bear

Kimberly Bear

39 Knowledge Cards 

Realists attempted to portray the lives, appearances, problems, customs, and mores of the middle and lower classes, of the unexceptional, the ordinary, the humble, and the unadorned.

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In the visual arts this spirit is most obvious in the widespread rejection of Romantic subjectivism and imagination in favor of Realism - the accurate and apparently objective description of the ordinary, observable world, a change especially evident in painting.

Article: Realism - Realism Art
Source: Realism - Realism Art
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