Overall women had better eating habits than men--they skipped fewer meals, were more apt to read food labels, ate fast food less frequently, and ate in the dining halls more often. They consumed less fiber than men, however.
Men ate more fat than women, although both sexes consumed more than 30% of their calories from fat, a no-no according to the American Dietetic Assn.
Men and women choose to eat different foods to comfort themselves with men preferring meal-like foods (i.e., steak) and woman preferring sweets (Wansink, Cheney, & Chan,2003).
"The study supports the fact that diets don't work but small steps in behavior change can help with weight loss," Diekman said.
Many adult women fail to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for calcium, vitamin E, vitamin B6, magnesium, and zinc. Adult men fall short on vitamin E, magnesium, and zinc. Men consume about 4,000 milligrams of sodium each day, while women consume about 3,000. Both exceed the recommended level of no more than 2,400 milligrams of sodium per day.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, between 1971 and 2000 American women increased the number of calories they consumed by 22 percent (from 1,542 to 1,877 per day), while men increased their intake by 7 percent (from 2,450 to 2,618 calories). Government recommendations, by contrast, are a mere 1,600 calories a day for women and 2,200 a day for men.
Amongst the women in the overweight group a significant relationship was observed between skipping meals, oral control and BMI. 50.7% of the dieters stated that their attempts to lose weight had generally been followed by an even greater weight increase. Furthermore, 88.5% of the dieters stated that they had been unable to maintain the weight loss in the long term.
Men actually have a tendency to snack more than women do, according to Fitness Magazine online. In a food survey conducted among 1,000 participants, 60 percent of men claim to snack.
Director of the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research centre David Katz believes our gendered diet can be explained by evolution. As cavemen, he suggests, men were hunters, relying on protein to build muscles, and seeing meat as a reward, while women were gatherers of fruit and vegetables.
In general, men are more likely to report eating meat and poultry items and women are more likely to report eating fruits and vegetables.
Among women, higher obesity rates tend to be associated with low incomes and low education levels (21, 23-25). The association of obesity with low socioeconomic status (SES) has been less consistent among men