Most of today’s young, professional women have been told since their childhood that they are a man’s equal. They grew up believing that, thanks to the brave women’s rights pioneers of the early 1900s, they would go through life with the same rights and opportunities as men. But in the 21st century, gender discrimination is still very much alive and it continues to clearly impact the lives of millions of Americans every day.
Competitive canoeist Samantha Rippington filed a challenge Thursday against the London Organizing Committee claiming that the lack of women’s canoeing events at the Olympics constitutes discrimination against women.
In a decision hailed by advocates for transgender people, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has ruled that a California woman who was denied a job at the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives after revealing that she was transitioning from her former life as a man can seek legal redress under sex-discrimination regulations.
Decreases in the wage gap reduce violence against women, consistent with a household bargaining model. These findings shed new light on the health production process as well as observed income gradients in health and suggest that in addition to addressing concerns of equity and efficiency, pay parity can also improve the health of American women via reductions in violence.
These trends are consistent with a story in which international migration increases the decision making power of women while the household head is away, and women subsequently shift resources to girls. Once the head returns, however, he appears to compensate for his absence by increasing resources even more for his sons.
And, while there are still many problems with gender stereotypes in toys -- problems apparent enough for a 4-year-old to recognize -- retailers, too are making conscious efforts to close the gap between "girl toys" and "boy toys."
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics cites women working 41 to 44 hours per week earn 84.6% of what men working similar hours earn. It gets worse as women work longer hours — women working more than 60 hours per week earn only 78.3% of what men in the same time category earn.
The Equal Pay Act requires that men and women be given equal pay for equal work. The jobs need not be identical, but they must be substantially equal. It is job content, not job titles, that determines whether jobs are substantially equal.
Sex discrimination involves treating someone (an applicant or employee) unfavorably because of that person’s sex.
Sex discrimination also can involve treating someone less favorably because of his or her connection with an organization or group that is generally associated with people of a certain sex.
the act, practice, or an instance of discriminating categorically rather than individually