The Seven new Management and Planning Tools have their roots in Operations Research work done after World War II and the Japanese Total Quality Control (TQC) research. In 1979 the book Seven New Quality Tools for Managers and Staff was published and in 1983 was translated into English.
6) Process Decision Program Chart is a diagram which identifies anticipating steps for decision making. PDPC mapped the chronology of events that may happen in implementing the plans. By using PDPC, we can identify anticipating steps to solve unexpected events, so that we are ready to handle those events.
7) Unlike the other six management and planning tools, which are used to process language data, matrix data analysis is a tool to do mathematical analysis of data arranged as matrices, e.g., "where in the date do we find various patterns?" With this tool, one frequently plots points on a two-dimensional graph.
5) Matrix Data Aanalysis: a complex mathematical technique for analyzing matrices, often replaced in this list by the similar prioritization matrix. One of the most rigorous, careful and time-consuming of decision-making tools, a prioritization matrix is an L-shaped matrix that uses pairwise comparisons of a list of options to a set of criteria in order to choose the best option(s).
4) A tool that has been well developed but not well utilized in marketing research is the Matrix Diagram. The purpose of this diagram is to relate to one another, in some fashion, two or more variable sets or list of items.
3) The matrix diagram is for relating multiple alternatives to multiple consequences of each. It is often used to answer 'which' questions, e.g. "Which things do we have to do to satisfy the customer's requirements?"
2) The relations diagram is a network of cause and effect solutions. Often it is used to answer 'why' questions, e.g. "Why is it happening?"
1) Affinity diagram (AD) / KJ Method is a diagram which organizes the idea based on similarity, closeness, and its equivalent. This tool can give the information about spread form and problem grouping. The most important of AD is that participants show their creativity side and direct them to achieve the element.
The Seven Management and Planning Tools were conceptualised by a team of Japanese from the Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers (JUSE). They saw a need to develop quality control tools that would aid planning and policy personnel plan and manage projects.
The Seven New QC Tools are very useful in strengthening creativity and originality and building the kind of thinking culture that is now required in pursuing total quality. When using these tools, the secret is to continue adding information to the diagrams until everyone is happy with them. The idea is to ensure that everyone becomes actively involved in solving the problem, thinks hard about it, and generates plenty of ideas.
The 7 management and planning tools provide the means for understanding complex situations and making appropriate plans. The first six of theses tools require and understanding of the concepts of semantics and type 1 data collection.