The word “Niagara” appears on maps as early as 1641 and means “The Strait”. It is believed that the name was derived from the narrow waterway that connects Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. Niagara comes from the Iroquoian word “Onquiaahra”.
The Niagara River marks the border between New York, USA and Ontario, Canada. The American and Bridal Veil Falls lies on the American side while the Horseshoe Falls is considered Canadian even though the political boundary splits the falls.
Water from Lake Erie flows into the Niagara River. Then, it falls over cliffs of shale and dolomite rocks.
Niagara Falls is very wide. It includes American, Bridal Veil, and Canadian falls.
During the last Ice Age, receding glaciers and water from the Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment. Over the years, the flowing waters deepened the river channels and created The Falls and Niagara Gorge we know of today.
The Falls consists of two major sections separated by the small, uninhabited Goat Island - The American Falls and Horseshoe Falls. The Smaller Bridal Veil Falls, located on the American side, is separated by Luna Island.
The Niagara Region is located on a portion of a great plain which runs east to west from the northern Laurentian Highlands (Canadian Shield) approximately 161 kilometers north of Toronto, Ontario to the southern Allegheny Plateau which form the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Niagara table land mass extends 100 kilometers (62 miles), both east and west from the Niagara River.
The waters of the Niagara River are used by a combined Canada/United States population of more than 1,000,000 people for a wide range of purposes such as: drinking water, recreation (boating, swimming, bird-watching), fishing, industrial cooling water supply, receiver of municipal and industrial effluents, hydro-power generation (Sir Adam Beck Station in Ontario & New York State Power Authority)
One-fifth of all fresh water on the planet lies in the reservoir of the four upper Great Lakes - Superior, Huron, Michigan, and Erie. All the outflow is destined to enter the Niagara River and plunge over the Falls. ... The land between the lakes does not slope at an even grade but suffers, instead, an abrupt and spectacular drop, the height of a twenty-storey biolding, at the Niagara Escarpment.
At any given moment the water diverted from upstream the falls, to run the various power plants, is anywhere from 60 to 75%. That's an average of 1,200,000 gallons (4,542,500 liters) of water a second with only 600,000 gal/sec (2,271,250 liters/sec) left to run over the Horseshoe Falls and a mere 150,000 gal/sec (567,811 liters/sec) for the American Falls.
Niagara Falls is both the largest waterfall by volume in North America and is without a doubt the most well known waterfall on the planet thanks in parts to its portrayal in Hollywood, the presence of approximately 2 million people living in the Buffalo-Niagara area and the largest city in Canada being situated just less than 2 hours away. Niagara Falls receives between 14 and 20 million visitors every year (depending on the source)
Nik Wallenda became the first man to walk over the Niagara Gorge in 116 years...
Mr. Wallenda was the first to cross the gorge since 1896. While his 19th-century predecessors did a litany of increasingly daring feats — walking blindfolded, or manacled, or backward, or while eating an omelet — they were not directly over the falls. Mr. Wallenda was the first to do that...