Louis Lumière had already invented instant photographic plates and the Cinematographe when, in late 1903, he and his brother Auguste patented a new process for producing colour photographs : the Autochrome.
The Lumieres, however, were inventors rather than filmmakers in anything like the modern sense, and the cinematographe and its offshoots were to them primarily clever mechanical toys, devices for which they could apparently see no practical use and little enduring potential for commercial exploitation. They soon turned their attention to other technical problems (color photography was their next big project), and were out of the movie business except as manufacturers of equipment by 1901.
The inability of the Lumiere brothers to adapt to consumer demand for narrative films and their failure to see the need for vertical integration left them ill-prepared for the growth in the industry.
L'Arrivee du train was not the first film the Lumiere brothers shot in 1895 with their Cinematographe camera, but it was among the first. This powerful shot film of a locomotive approaching the camera while entering a station created a sensation at its first exhibition and is one of the early cinema's foundational films.
Therefore, the Lumières pioneered not just the technicalattributes of the camera but also its artistic attributes, creating a dialogue of REALISM that has always been a crux of cinema as distinct from the fantastic film tradition.
But the Lumière brothers' films were not mere observations of reality. They invented the action film – when people saw the film of a train arriving at La Ciotat station, legend has it that some of the audience ran out of the theatre screaming in terror; with The Gardener Takes a Shower – where the gardener is doused with his own hose – they invented the comic film.
The first films of the Lumière (the aforementioned The arrival of a train station and others like The output of the Lumière factory workers , output port , Card Game , Breakfast with the baby , the arrival of congressmen to Neuville-sur-Saône and blacksmiths ) had a very short duration (less than a minute) and a formal simplicity: a shot from a single point of view and served to arouse the interest and imagination of the audience.
On March 22, 1895, their first public screening of films at which admission was charged was held on December 28, 1895, at Salon Indien du Grand Café in Paris. This history-making presentation featured ten short films, including their first film, Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon (Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory).
On March 19, 1895, Auguste and Louis Lumière shot the first footage on their newly-designed and patented camera, the Cinematograph. [...] Their first film, “La Sortie des usines Lumière à Lyon” (or “Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory”), was shot in 1894, though this film was not shot with the Cinematograph camera. On December 28th, 1895, the brothers debuted the first films shot with the new camera.
By early 1845, Auguste and Louis developed and patented a device that acted as an all-in-one camera, printer, and projector dubbed the cinématographe. In comparison to Edison’s Kinetoscope, the Cinématographe was smaller, more lightweight, and hand-cranked. The film speed was slower, 16 fps compared to Edison’s 48 fps, but its operation was much quieter. It also allowed for intermittent movement by incorporating machinery found in a sewing machine.
Antonine Lumiere was a painter turned photography equipment supplier, so [Louis] Lumiere and his brother Auguste literally grew up around photographic equipment. It is no surprise then that Louis and his brother both showed an early interest in the image and the process of capturing and reproducing images
Considered the French founding fathers of cinema, Auguste (1862–1954) and Louis (1864–1948) Lumière patented their cinematograph—a device that could record, develop, and project motion pictures—in February 1895.