Manufacturers acknowledge that oil reserves will dry up in the future. Start to develop engines that use more than one fuel source – hybrid engines. Honda and Toyota initially introduced their petrol/electric hybrids to the Japanese market, before releasing them in America and Europe in 2002.
Power steering system introduced. Invented in the 1920s by Francis W. Davis and George Jessup in Waltham, Massachusetts.
The Model T was the first low-priced, mass-produced automobile with standard, interchangeable parts since it was designed to be built along an assembly line. The Model T was equipped with a 20-horsepower, four-cylinder engine with a top speed of about 45 miles per hour. It weighed 1,200 pounds and achieved 13-21 miles per gallon. The moving assembly line for the Model T revolutionized manufacturing in 1913. More than 15 Million Model Ts had been sold by May 26, 1927, when a ceremony marked the formal end of Model T production.
The American automobile industry began modestly in 1896 when the Duryea Motor Wagon Company of Springfield, Massachusetts sold 13 identical gasoline-powered vehicles. The company would last only three years, however brothers Charles and Frank Duryea became the first Americans to attempt to build and sell automobiles at a profit. Thus opened the commercial period of the American automobile industry.
The firm of Panhard and Levassor was the first in France to manufacture an internal combustion engine in 1876.
On January 29, 1886, Karl Benz who filed a patent (No. DRP 37435) in Mannheim, Germany, for an "automobile fueled by gas." Benz started selling this automobile, which he called the Motorwagen, in late 1888. It was world's first commercially available automobile.
About 1870, Siegfried Samuel Marcus decides to put an internal combustion engine on a simple handcart, which made him the first man propelling a vehicle by means of gasoline. Today, this car is known as “The first Marcus Car”.
Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir invented a electric spark-ignition internal combustion engine fueled by coal gas. In 1873 an American engineer by the name of George Brayton developed an unsuccessful two-stroke kerosene engine, considered the first safe and practical oil engine. By 1876 the first successful two-stroke engine was invented by Sir Dougald Clerk
In America, Maryland granted Oliver Evans a patent for an automobile in 1787. In 1805, Evans built the first steam-powered vehicle. His machine was a combination dredge and flatboat that operated on land and water. In 1867, Richard Dudgeon's road machine, that resembled a tractor, could carry ten passengers.
Nicolas Cugnot a native of Void, Lorraine, a military engineer, was initially recruited by the Austrian Army. He was an expert on fortresses and wrote two books on fortifications. Upon his release from the Austrian Army, he became a teacher at the Arsenal in Paris. Under the direction of General Gribeauval, and the duke de Choiseul, Nicholas Cugnot designed and directed the manufacture of a self-propelled carriage, which was tested in 1769.