Cosmetics today have a vast evolution in todays times. It has evolution in the sense that it has had growth in all ways and means. Cosmetics have made way to progress in the form of revolution. Today there have been immense changes in the cosmetic industry. There is revolution in the sense that there are many products of different companies being produced. The markets for products have grown in the sense that competition has made way to these many changes. The ways and means of looking beautiful have never been the same through the centuries.
The 20th century has seen a huge upsurge in the importance placed by Western society on physical beauty, particularly for women. The fashion, cosmetics and plastic surgery industries have thrived on 20th century preoccupation with physical appearance. It is a preoccupation that affects women in every sphere, whether they choose to pander to it or not.
During the French Restoration in the 18th century, red rouge and lipstick were the rage and implied a healthy, fun-loving spirit. This stuck in France, but eventually people in other countries became repulsed by excessive makeup use and said the painted French must be unattractive because they had something to hide. Victorians claimed to abhor makeup, associating it with prostitutes. When makeup regained acceptance in the late 19th century, it was with natural tones so that the healthy, pink-cheeked look could be achieved without giving in to the moral decadence of full makeup, which was still seen as sinful.
The European Middle Ages followed the Greco-Roman trend of pale faces. Those who were wealthy enough not to have to labor outdoors wanted to show off their affluence by being pale. Fashionable sixth-century women would achieve the look by bleeding themselves. During the Medieval ages, one popular beauty treatment of the day was the taking of long, hot baths. By the mid-1200s, many European towns had public bathhouses.
In ancient China, especially in the Tang Dynasty, there were seven steps in cosmetic makeup for the belles: powder base, applying color to the face, eye-brow darkening, applying “forehead gold” or “floral twinkle/gold”, painting the dimples, decorating the cheeks and applying lip color.
Henna is considered as a part of celebration, ceremony, healing and ritual. Cosmetic use of henna is started from ancient Egypt. Egyptians used henna for dying their fingernails. Use of henna is also found in southern China and Australia.
Ancient Egyptians believed makeup did more than just enhance their natural features. They believed their elaborate eye make up could ward off evil spirits and improve the sight; even the poor wore eye make-up. The favourite eye make up colours of Egyptian women were black and green. They decorated their eyes by applying dark green to the under lid and using kohl to outline the eyes, creating that alluring almond-eye look. Kohl is made up of lead, copper, burned almonds, soot, and other ingredients including galena (which has disinfectant qualitites). Kohl shielded the eyes against the sun and acted as a deterrant to flies. Ancient Egyptian Physicians prescribed the use of kohl against eye disease
10,000 BCE: Men and women in Egypt use scented oils and ointments to clean and soften their skin and mask body odor. Cosmetics are an integral part of Egyptian hygiene and health. Oils and creams are used for protection against the hot Egyptian sun and dry winds. Myrrh, thyme, marjoram, chamomile, lavender, lily, peppermint, rosemary, cedar, rose, aloe, olive oil, sesame oil, and almond oil provide the basic ingredients of most perfumes that Egyptians use in religious ritual.
Most experts agree that makeup originated in the Middle East; cosmetics are mentioned frequently in the Old Testament and other ancient documents from a wide variety of cultures. A great deal of evidence about the use of makeup may be found in the pyramids of ancient Egypt—primarily because of their burial rituals, which included entombing people with both the necessities and luxuries of life.
With over 10 thousand years of experience, chemists, cosmetologists, fashion designers, religious leaders and governments had incredible impact over the world of cosmetics. Because it is in human nature to always strive to perfection and new ways to express ourselves, cosmetic played a really big role in our advancements from ancient civilization to the modern way of life. Cosmetics helped us change the way we look, fixed out bodies in time of sickness and enabled us to express our religion and beliefs.