The Gallic Wars were a series of military campaigns waged by the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes, Galli being the Latin equivalent of Celt. These tribes, along with many others, made up the confederation of tribes that was the Celtic nation, or the Celtic Tribe of Tribes.
In Caesar's work, readers see that his rise to power was on the strength of his Legions. Their actions in the Gallic Wars secured his position amongst the Romans.
Caesar portrayed his invasion of Gaul as being a defensive pre-emptive action. Most historians agree that the wars were fought primarily to boost Caesar's political career and to pay off his massive debts.
As part of his private power sharing agreement with Craccus and Pompey (which would later become known as the First Triumvirate) , Caesar was awarded governorship of Cisalpine Gaul and Illyricum, then later, Transalpine Gaul. Additionally, he had command of the VII, VII, IX (Hispania) and X Legions, with the legal right to raise more legions and auxiliaries should he find it necessary.
The importance of the Commentarri de Bello Gallico becomes evident when one looks at the place Julius Caesar was in his political career: Caesar ended his consulship in 58 BC and was hugely in debt.
In the winter of 54/53, the tribes of Gaul revolted. The Belgians, in the north, started the rebellion. Eburones, commanded by Ambiorix, destroyed the Fourteenth legion and it took Julius Caesar a whole year before he had restored order.
After two campaigns, he had reached the Middle Meuse and the Ocean, which was sufficient to boast that the mission had been accomplished. However, when Caesar was trying to invade Britain, the Gauls started to reorganize themselves.
Most of Caesar's greatest battles in Gaul were fought in the first two years of the war, where he engaged on behalf of tribes threatened by German expansion, and during the last two years of the war, when he put down the rebellion of Vercingetorix.
Caesars's Campaign in Gaul lasted from 58 to 52 B.C., and resulted in the complete subjugation of the Gallic tribes in the entire region of modern France. By comparison, the Roman Conquest of Hispania, which was populated with similar indigenous tribes, took over one hundred years to accomplish.
Caesar's writings present himself as a much more balanced and just leader than Suetonius or Plutarch indicate in their biographies of him. Also, the accounts of the army during the Spanish campaign show a more brutal side to his leadership.
This is a detailed discription of the war campaigns of Julius Caesar, starting from the time that he was in charge of the Roman forces in France (Gaul). Caesar's writting style is that of a detailed factual report, prepared year by year, of the events.