The poems of Illiad depict the seige of the city of Ilion or Troy during the Trojan War. The word Illiad itself means "something concerned with Ilion". Illion was the city based in the state of Troy. When Illiad was created, is arguable. Some scholars are adamant that it was written around the 8th - 9th century, while some debate it must have been written during the 6th - 7th century.
The whole Illiad is devoted to war of Troy, giving a detailed poetic description of the war. The characters of the fighters, their battle cries and all the intricate details of the war are mentioned. The epic has strong religious and supernatural influence. Both warring parties are extremely religious and the Greek and Trojan heroes draw strength from favored gods, giving them divine power. Regularly making sacrifices to Gods, while the Gods constantly intervene in the war on behalf of their believers, almost treating the humans as puppets for their own causes.
Achilles was a half-divine hero, being the son of the sea nymph Thetis and king Peleus of Thessaly.
He was educated by the wise centaur Cheiron and was described as extremely handsome but also very emotional. He was almost immortal since his mother had dipped him into the river Styx as a baby. Holding the child by its heel when putting it in the water, Thetis made Achilles' whole body except the heel immortal. He had a son,Neoptolemus, with the Skyrian princess Deidameia, who met her when he was hidden in the Palace of the king Likomidis on the island on Skyros.
Dionysus or Dionysos was the god of wine and inspired madness, and a major figure of Greek mythology. He represents not only the intoxicating power of wine, but also its social and beneficial influences. The geographical origins of his cult were unknown, but almost all myths depicted him as having "foreign" (i.e. non-Greek) origins.
He was also known as Bacchus and the frenzy he induces, bakcheia. He is the patron deity of agriculture and the theatre. He was also known as the Liberator (Eleutherios), freeing one from one's normal self, by madness, ecstasy, or wine. The divine mission of Dionysus was to mingle the music of the aulos and to bring an end to care and worry. Scholars have discussed Dionysus' relationship to the "cult of the souls" and his ability to preside over communication between the living and the dead.
The Greek pantheon of gods and goddesses, and the many heroes, mythical creatures, and ordinary people they interacted with in Greek myth, are thousands of years old yet still relevant. From appearances in modern pop culture (like Disney’s animated Hercules to Warner Bros. Clash of the Titans) to early modern art (see image) to works of literature (like Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged), figures from Greek mythology can be found everywhere in Western culture despite the fact that the people who believed in them died millennia ago.
The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named from their dwelling, Mount Olympus
In ancient Greece, stories about gods and goddesses and heroes and monsters were an important part of everyday life. They explained everything from religious rituals to the weather, and they gave meaning to the world people saw around them.
Athena is one of the most beloved deities among the Greek pantheon. She is the goddess of wisdom, honorable war, and justice. Her mother is Metis, Zeus’ first wife, but Athena came out of Zeus’ head after he devoured her mother (Zeus feared that Metis would give birth to a child more powerful than him). Of all his children, Zeus is most favors Athena. There’s nothing much to say about her, other than the fact that she’s really nice.
Ares god of war is the son of Zeus and Hera and one of the twelve Olympians. His Roman name is Mars - although the Roman god is quite different.
He was said to live in Thracia, a region where there were many warriors. The Amazons, his daughters, lived in Thracia too.
Ares god of war represented brutal force, he enjoyed the battles and the bloodshed and he didn't really care about fighting for a good cause - and he wasn't always the winner
DEMETER was the great Olympian goddess of agriculture, grain, and bread, the prime sustenance of mankind. She also presided over the foremost of the Mystery Cults which promised its intiates the path to a blessed afterlife.
Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera. He is the god of fire and the craftsman of the gods. No one is a better iron worker than him. He fixed Zeus' thunderbolts.
He was born on Olympus. When he was born his mother, Hera, threw him down to earth because he was ugly, bow-legged and crippled. The goddesses of the sea, Thetes (Θέτις or Θέτιδα) and Eurenome (Ευρυνόμη), daughters of Nereus, took the baby and raised him.
Artemis is the goddess of the wilderness, the hunt and wild animals, and fertility (she became a goddess of fertility and childbirth mainly in cities). She was often depicted with the crescent of the moon above her forehead and was sometimes identified with Selene (goddess of the moon). Artemis was one of the Olympians and a virgin goddess
One of the 12 Olympians of Greek Myth, Apollo is the god of light, youth, beauty, and prophesy. One of Apollo's great deeds was the killing of the serpent Python, the feared beast residing in the hills near Delphi. Apollo came down from Mount Olympus and with his silver bow and golden arrows, he slayed the beast in one shot to save the people of the land. In rememberance of his deed, it's said that Apollo created the Pythian Games, held every four years.
Hermes, the herald of the Olympian gods, is the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia, daughter of Atlas and one of the Pleiades. Hermes is the god of shepherds, land travel, merchants, weights and measures, oratory, literature, athletics and thieves, and known for his cunning and shrewdness. Most importantly, he is the messenger of the gods. Besides that he was also a minor patron of poetry. He was worshiped throughout Greece -- especially in Arcadia -- and festivals in his honor were called Hermoea.
Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. After the overthow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, another brother, for shares of the world...His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. He has a difficult quarrelsome personality. He was greedy. He had a series of disputes with other gods when he tried to take over their cities.
Aphrodite was said to have the girdle, which carried magical powers that was responsible for people falling in love. Aphrodite was also called Cythera (lady of Cythera) and Cyprus (lady of Cyprus) based on the two locations where she is said to be born. According to the roman mythology Aphrodite was called Venus. The goddess of Egypt, Hathor is depicted as equal to Aphrodite within Romans.
There are many versions about the birth of Aphrodite. One of the versions is that she us daughter of Dione and Zeus. Another version, according to poet Hesiod, is that her birth happened when Cronus removed the genitals of Ouranos and threw them in the sea. And then, Aphrodite was washed from the ocean onto the shore from sea foam.
Hera is a title given to her by the Greeks; it means "Lady". She is depicted as a young lady, fully clad and of stunning beauty. She is often is wearing a high, cylindrical crown...Hera is queen of Olympus, sister and wife of Zeus, daughter of Cronis and Rhea, and mother of Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus, and Eileitha. As the eldest daughter of Cronus and Reah, Zeus was deemed to give her respect. Hera was associated with Zeus's sovereignty and became the chief feminine deity of Olympus.
Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in Greek representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.
ZEUS was the king of the gods, the god of sky and weather, law, order and fate. He was depicted as a regal man, mature with sturdy figure and dark beard. His usual attributes were a lightning bolt, royal sceptre and eagle...The Trojan War which he orchestrated from start to end, including the casting of the golden apple of discord.