Heinrich Luitpold Himmler 7 October 1900–23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (SS), a military commander, and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler later appointed him Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army and General Plenipotentiary for the entire Reich's administration.
Himmler’s ‘success’ – to use a word that sounds obscene in the context of the subject – lay, we learn, in him being an extremely efficient bureaucrat and empire-builder among the competing paladins around Hitler; and his utter devotion to the most fanatical, not to say downright cranky, aspects of Nazi ideology.
Towards the end of the war, Himmler openly made overtures of peace to the Allies - much to the fury of Hitler who ordered his arrest.
"Anyone who thinks of homosexual *love* is our enemy. We reject anything which emasculates our people and makes it a plaything for our enemies, for we know that life is fight, and it is madness to think that men will ever embrace fraternally"
Heinrich Himmler, 14 May 1928
Himmler kept a diary where he not only listed the books he read but also provided extensive comments on these manuscripts. His entries regarding India and Indians were always very positive.
He “had a sickly constitution, he was frequently unwell, and his whole appearance was delicate.” From an early age he was fascinated by “everything connected with war and the military,” and like countless other German boys of his generation he was deeply embittered by the peace imposed on his country in the Treaty of Versailles.
Little in either Himmler’s or Heydrich’s upbringing would have indicated their future line of work. While Hitler came from Austrian peasant stock, Himmler, who was born in 1900, and Heydrich, who was born in 1904, belonged to thoroughly respectable Catholic families. Himmler’s father, Gebhard, taught Greek and Latin at the renowned Wilhelm Grammar School in Munich, and his son was a diligent student.
was Himmler who oversaw the establishment of the Auschwitz concentration camp cluster, as well as the Warsaw ghetto massacre. The organizing of some prisoners for slave labor and the inflicting of gruesome medical experimentation on others can also be attributed to him
'The officer and I stood in the doorway and the officer said "we have reason to believe you are a German officer of the SS and we have been told that you are Himmler." 'At this he laughed and said "you my boy are just a young captain and to take me I want to see your colonel in charge." 'So at once the officer said to me to take him, as we made to get him he just put his hand to his mouth and before we got to him he dropped dead on one of the beds and kicked two or three times and then lay still.'
In a speech to 100 SS generals, he spoke of the extermination of Jews. His handwritten note uses the euphemism Judenevakuierung, meaning evacuation of the Jews. However, in sound recordings of the speech, Himmler defined evacuation as extermination.
Heinrich Himmler was born in München (Munich) on 7 October 1900, as second son of the pious authoritarian Roman Catholic schoolmaster Gebhard Himmler. Educated at secondary school in Landshut, Himmler served as an officer cadet in the 11th Bavarian Regiment at the end of WW1, although he saw no active service.