Two festivals of unequal importance were celebrated in honor of Hephaestus. The Chalcheia, which took place in the beginning of November, became a festival of artisans who worked with metal;this festival was also called the Athenaea, indicating that the goddess also played a role in it. On the the hand, the Hephaesteia, from which Athena was absent, was a more important event than the Chalcheia, though less well known.
[HEPHAISTOS] possessed few public shrines and temples in ancient Greek, however he was probably widely honoured with torch-race festivals, and private rites performed by craftsmen. His two main cult centres were the island of Lemnos and the city-state of Athens. In classical sculpture he was depicted as a bearded man wearing a craftsman's cap and holding tools.
[Hephaestus] constructed the palaces where the gods resided, fashioned the golden shoes with which they trod the air or water, built for them their wonderful chariots, and shod with brass the horses of celestial breed, which conveyed these glittering equipages over land and sea. He also made the tripods which moved of themselves in and out of the celestial halls, formed for Zeus the far-famed ægis, and erected the magnificent palace of the sun. He also created the brazen-footed bulls of Aetes, which breathed flames from their nostrils, sent forth clouds of smoke, and filled the air with their roaring.
He built a net with links thinner than a spider's web, which was invisible, and he put it around the bed and hanging from the ceiling. Then he pretended to leave for Lemnos, the place that he loved most on earth. Ares noticed that and came to visit Aphrodite. The net enveloped them fast and they could not move an inch. Hephaestus returned home and called all the other gods to see them. He asked from Zeus to be given back all the betrothal gifts he had brought, that is, he divorced Aphrodite.
It is believed that Hephaestus ask for one thing to let Hera go, Aphrodite as a wife, this was granted. But others believed that Zeus gave Aphrodite as wife to the ugly Hephaestus to prevent fights between the Gods, which desired her. Aphrodite was not very happy with being the wife of such ugly God, so she had many lovers, one of them was the God of War, Ares. One day Helios told Hephaestus about this affair, and so Hephaestus planned something to take revenge on the unfaithful Gods.
When Hephaestus learned about this, he got very angry and promised to take revenge on her. So he decided to create a magic, golden throne and send it to Mount Olympus as a special "gift" to his mother. When Hera saw the splendid throne, she immediately got enthused over it and, without thinking, she sat on the throne cheerfully. All at once, invisible, unbreakable chains appeared and tied her up rapidly. Hera cried for help and all Olympian gods ran for support, but none of them was capable of relieving her! Soon all gods realized that the only one who could liberate Hera was Hephaestus himself. So the gods asked from Dionysus, the god of wine, to offer sweet wine to Hephaestus in order to intoxicate him. Dionysus agreed, and this way he managed to bring Hephaestus up to Mount Olympus and free Hera from her burdens.
[HEPHAESTUS] fell into the sea but two Goddesses, EURYNOME and THETIS, rescued him. They taught him to make seaside souvenirs from seashells and coral and he turned out to be an amazing craftsman... and graduated from this to greater and grander things.
[Hephaestus] was ugly and deformed, and was originally thrown off Mount Olympus at birth when his mother Hera or father Zeus saw him. Sometimes Hera is considered his only parent, just like Zeus was the only parent to Athena. The jealous Hera was said to have given birth to Hephaestus as a revenge for Zeus nerve to make a child by himself.
[Hephaestus] was one of the 12 major Olympian gods, but the only one to be lame. The other gods constantly ridiculed Hephaestus for his disability - as a result his actions were frequently motivated by his desire to punish those who mocked and abused him.
Hephaestus, the god of fire, especially the blacksmith's fire, was the patron of all craftsmen, principally those working with metals. He was worshiped predominantly in Athens, but also in other manufacturing centres. He was the god of volcanoes. Later, the fire within them represented the smith's furnace. Hephaestus was associated with Mount Etna, which is on the island of Sicily.