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Hercules

Hercules

Hercules is the Roman name for the Greek demigod Heracles, who was the son of Zeus (Roman equivalent Jupiter) and the mortal Alcmene. In classical mythology, Hercules is famous for his strength and for his numerous far-ranging adventures.

 

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Megan Mockler

Megan Mockler

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No character appealed more strongly to the myth-making consciousness of antiquity than that or Herakles, or Hercules. The national mind of Hellas early idealized him and made him the model of all that seemed to it to be great and admirable. The potency of personality of the pre-Argive god of healing spread until he became the hero most referred to and most represented in all ancient times.

Article:   The myth of Hercules at R…
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

Ancient Greeks and Romans considered Hercules the strongest man who ever lived. Hercules often used his great strength to help people. He protected people from mythical monsters and other dangers. In myths, he helped make the world safe for people.

Article:   Hercules
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

Hera's wrath toward Hercules did not decrease with time. On the contrary, the mounting glory of the young hero was for her a constant reminder of the humiliating deception she had had to endure. But Hercules' refusal to acknowledge his cousin Eurysheus as the firstborn among Perseus' great-grandchildren----and therefore as the ruler of Argolis (the area encompassing Argos and Mycenae)---- went against Zeus' edict. This played right into Hera's desire for vengeance, and she felt justified in submitting Hercules to divine retribution.

Article: Hercules
Source: Hercules

Later in his life, Hercules had a number of other adventures—rescuing the princess of Troy, battling for control of Mount Olympus—but none were as taxing, or as significant, as the labors had been. When he died, Athena carried him to Olympus on her chariot. According to legend, he spent the rest of eternity with the gods.

Article: Hercules
Source: History

Finished the works, Hercules returns to Tebas, where house to Mergara with its Iolao nephew. Looking for he to marry again, he has the news that Éurito, king of Ecalia in Eubea, has promised to give in marriage its Íole daughter to whom overcomes him to him and to its children in the shot of the arc. Hercules goes and gains the victory, but Éurito refuses to fulfill the fiance', although Ífito, its older son, is put from Hercules, but Éurito alleges the fear to that Hercules, becoming crazy again, also kills the children who can have of their Íole daughter. Rehusa, then; more ahead Hercules will come to conquer to Íole to blood and fire, in a campaign that will precede immediately to its own death. At the moment, Hercules retires to the continent.

Article: Hercules, mythology, hist...
Source: Hercules, mythology, hist...

The oracle of Delphi told Hercules that to atone for murdering his family, he must go to Tiryns, a city in Argolis on the Greek Pelopenneses to serve King Eurystheus, performing ten labors. There was a lion in nearby Nemea which was ravaging the lands in that area. No one had been able to kill it for its hide was impenetrable. The first labor of Hercules was to kill this beast and bring its hide to Eurystheus. The lion lived in a cave which had two entrances. When Hercules found the lion, he tried to shoot it with his bow and arrow, but its hide was so tough that the arrow bounced off and fell to the ground. He tried kill it with his sword, but that bent upon contact with the lion. Finally, the hero took his club made of olive wood and swung a smashing blow to the big cats head. It was stunned, but not dead, and it retreated to its lair. Hercules blocked one entrance to the den so that the lion could only come out one way. He then charged the lion, grabbed it around its neck and squeezed with all of his might. He was finally able to crush the life out of it and then skinned it, using one of its claws as a knife. He carried the pelt back to Eurystheus on his back with the gaping jaws serving as a helmet. On the pottery which has been preserved from antiquity, Hercules is often portrayed wearing this pelt as it must have served as great protection from other dangers.

Article: 98.02.06: Hercules the He...
Source: 98.02.06: Hercules the He...

Apollo understood that Hercules' crime had not been his fault—Hera's vengeful actions were no secret—but still he insisted that the young man make amends. He ordered Hercules to perform 12 "heroic labors" for the Mycenaen king Eurystheus. Once Hercules completed every one of the labors, Apollo declared, he would be absolved of his guilt and achieve immortality.

Article: Hercules
Source: History

The goddess Hera, determined to make trouble for Hercules, made him lose his mind. In a confused and angry state, he killed his own wife and children. When he awakened from his "temporary insanity," Hercules was shocked and upset by what he'd done. He prayed to the god Apollo for guidance, and the god's oracle told him he would have to serve Eurystheus, the king of Tiryns and Mycenae, for twelve years, in punishment for the murders. As part of his sentence, Hercules had to perform twelve Labors, feats so difficult that they seemed impossible. Fortunately, Hercules had the help of Hermes and Athena, sympathetic deities who showed up when he really needed help. By the end of these Labors, Hercules was, without a doubt, Greece's greatest hero.

Article: The Labors of Hercules
Source: The Labors of Hercules

Hera hated the children Zeus had with other goddesses or women. She often tried to punish these children. Hera especially disliked Hercules. She hated Hercules because he was one of Zeus' most powerful children. When Hercules was a baby, Hera sent two snakes to kill him. Hercules woke as the snakes crawled into his crib. He grabbed the snakes around their necks and choked them. He was given the name Hercules after killing the snakes. Hercules means "glory of Hera."

Article:   Hercules
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

Hercules is the maximum of classic mythology, tebano hero of birth and, during part of its life, also of residence, although tirintio or miceneo by his family. As far as the Spanish transition of its name, the form is recommendable "Hercules" rather who the form "Heracles". Hercules, son of Zeus, are the last hero whom this he generates in mortal woman, when falling in love with Alcmena, the daughter of Electrión, which being she in Tebas, he deceives presenting/displaying to it him with the corporal figure of Host.

Article: Hercules, mythology, hist...
Source: Hercules, mythology, hist...
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