Bonaparte was born in Corsica. He often tried to help the island, but was persecuted for his efforts later in life.
Napoléon joined the French artillery at the age of sixteen. Through hard work, bravery, political connections, and being born in a turbulent age, Napoléon rose to the rank of general.
Four autopsy reports revealed Napoleon’s cause of death to be an extensive carcinoma of the stomach complicated by terminal bleeding. Napoleon was reasonably well until the autumn of 1820, when he developed recurrent abdominal pain, weakness, and stubborn constipation, and toward the end intractable vomiting and hiccupping.
Increased arsenic concentrations had been found in Napoleon’s hair, leading to claims that he had been deliberately poisoned while on Saint Helena. However, the same level of arsenic had been found when testing a younger Napoleon’s hair.
In 1840 Parisians turned out in force to watch as the body of Napoleon was solemnly carried on a riverboat. Many feared the return of their long dead Emperor’s corpse would serve to further destabilize a country that had struggled for order and direction since he had been sent into exile.
Napoleon’s charisma and legacy endured after his lonely death on Saint Helena. His death was thousands of miles from the country whose fate had become so entwined with his own.
The battle of Leipzig was the largest battle of the Napoleonic wars and the largest battle in Europe until the First World War. The battle involved five armies and nearly half a million men.
In the aftermath of the 1812 campaign many of Napoleon’s allies had deserted him. His cavalry had been decimated and he was forced to field an army mainly made up of raw but enthusiastic recruits to face a huge allied army of Austrians, Prussians, Russians and Swedes numbering around 300,000.
Napoleon has always divided opinions. He himself stated, "I am not a man, I am a historical figure."
Napoleon reached international acclaim for his actions in Italy. He defeated superior Austrian forces by outmaneuvering them and imposing a series of victories over broken forces.