the wish of a Turkey independent of the West became stronger.
effects of globalization, long lasting discussions about the accession process to the European Union, the formation of a Kurdish state in Northern Iraq and support of the USA and European countries to this situation, and Kurdish dispute are the causes that triggered the ethnic nationalism in Turkey. These events created a perception of a perishing Turkish identity and make Turkish nationalism stronger
AKP rejects ethnic Turkish nationalism ideologically and the opening process is a proof for this which targets to unite Turk and Kurd population in Turkey. However the PKK effect obliterates these negotiation efforts.
Organic nationalism constitutes the base for Turkish nationalism which is the consciousness for the common culture and common history, scientific nationalism that predicates on the competition with other states on cultural arena.
The Chinese leaders also fear nationalism could turn against them in the form of criticism if they failed to deliver on their nationalistic promises. New York Times columnist Nicholas D. Kristof writes: “All this makes nationalism a particularly interesting force in China, given its potential not just for conferring legitimacy on the government but also for taking it away.”
Experts say while nationalism may be an effective tool for the Chinese regime to maintain control at home, it can harm its claim of “peaceful rise” globally. Pei says nationalism is certainly an obstacle in China’s image as a responsible stakeholder. “A very nationalistic public makes foreigners very wary of China and harms China’s image,” he says.
“Chinese nationalists today find pride in stories about the superiority of China’s ‘5000 years’ of ‘glorious civilization.’” This yearning for lost glory is accompanied by the story of victimization in the past, a narrative central to what being Chinese today means
Olympic protests in Paris during the torch relay have drawn particular ire in China and have led to calls for a boycott of French goods. Flaring nationalism is not new. It has been set off in instances such as the accidental bombing of a Chinese embassy in 1999 during the Kosovo War and a 2001 incident in which a U.S. surveillance aircraft collided with a Chinese fighter jet off China’s coast.
With China hosting its first-ever Olympics, the country has seen a surge in national pride. But Chinese are angry at what they see as the West trying to spoil their party.
Although Sarrazin was censured for his views and dismissed from the Central Bank, his book proved highly popular and polls showed a majority of Germans agreed with the thrust of his arguments.
former Bundesbank board member Thilo Sarrazin published a book accusing Turkish and Arab immigrants of lowering the intelligence of German society.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has fueled a growing debate over the integration of immigrants, saying that last month her country’s past attempts to create a multicultural society have “utterly failed” and urging immigrants to do more to adapt toGerman society.
Rising nationalism has become a threatening issue for immigrants in Europe. The recent surge in support for nationalist parties in many European countries, even liberal democracies such as Sweden, have raised concerns as to whether or not the rise of nationalism will make the treatment of immigrants harsher.
Van Rompuy called on the European countries to accept a new diversity. “We have work together to fight the danger of a new euro-scepticism,” he said in an address titled “A curtain went up,” which celebrates the 21st anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. “This is no longer the monopoly of a few countries,” the EU’s first president underlined during his speech.
there is a fear of “enemies” within European borders and beyond, it is a feeling throughout Europe, not of a majority, but present everywhere.
“Fear leads to egoism, egoism leads to nationalism, and nationalism leads to war,” the EU president said. Claiming that today’s nationalism is not a positive feeling of pride in one’s own identity, Van Rompuy said it is often a negative feeling of apprehension of others.
Following the European nation-state model – after a delay of two centuries – it is trying to build a homogeneous and closed society based on the adoption of one single language, the fortification of its borders, and suspicion of foreigners who are considered as potential enemies.
the Homeland Security Act established a new Department, namely a Ministry of Internal Affairs – the type of ministry which used to be typical of the centralized states of the European continent with their illiberal and police traditions.
blatant abuse of power are the so-called extraordinary renditions, i.e. the arrest of suspected terrorists and their transport to foreign countries for imprisonment and interrogation, in order to shun US laws prescribing due process and prohibiting torture. The notorious Guantanamo camp in Cuba, where prisoners are denied the right to challenge their detention in court, is only one example.
The struggle against terrorism has proved to be the occasion for an authoritarian turning point in the US, the world’s oldest democracy. The new powers conferred by the Patriot Act have enabled the government to restrict individual freedom and to erode the structures established for the protection of human rights against arbitrary state action.
The main justification for the Iraqi war – to stop the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction – has been proven groundless. The subsequent justification – the exportation of democracy to the Middle East – has been demolished by the revelation of abuse and torture in the Abu Ghraib prison.
The American response to terrorism is based on nationalism, unilateralism and war. While Europe is progressively giving up nationalism, on the opposite coast of the Atlantic Ocean the US is promoting institutions and policies, which reproduce the same evolution toward power centralization, authoritarianism and militarism which was characteristic of the history of the European great powers during the 19th and 20th centuries until 1945.
Definition of NATIONALISM
1: loyalty and devotion to a nation; especially : a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups