The great pyramid is built upon, and near the edge of an elevated rocky steppe, about 130 feet above the fertile plains of the Nile, and about 125 feet above the neighboring alluvial plains as now covered with sand, upon a solid ledge of limestone and porphyry, the strata of which lay horizontal.
Varieties of orthography by different authors, which may lead to the correct pronunciation, are as vollows: Djiza, Dschiseh, Dsjise, Dzireth, El-Geezeh, Geezeh, Gheezeh, Ghizeh, Gizeh, Gyzeh, Jeezeh, Jizeh.
Egypt's pharaohs expected to become gods in the afterlife. To prepare for the next world they erected temples to the gods and massive pyramid tombs for themselves—filled with all the things each ruler would need to guide and sustain himself in the next world.
The space between the stones is smaller than a human hair, or piece of tin foil, exact to the thousandth of an inch. Today's technology can move stones 10 to 20 tons each to within 1 or 2 inches of each other
Many depictions have stated that the pyramid builders were slaves, but that is not true. The individuals who built the pyramids were neither foreigners nor slaves and there is proof. Skeletons were found showing the individuals who built the ancient Egyptian pyramids were Egyptians who stayed in the villages that were developed by supervisors of the pharaoh’s.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is made up of millions of limestone blocks, while the king’s chamber holds the largest granite stones – all brought from the nearby and far away quarries. The archaeologists and the locals are of the opinion that these stones were transported by dragging them from the quarries and elevating them via transport mediums.
The original casing stones were made of highly polished Tura limestone, meant to reflect the sun’s rays, and were accurate within 1/100th of an inch. All total, they were around five feet long, five feet high, and six feet deep and weighed around 15 metric tons each once the face angle was cut, being around 40 metric tons before that for the full block.
Its base covers 13.6 acres (equal to seven midtown Manhatten city blocks), each side being greater than five acres in area.
The Great Pyramid of Giza also contains three burial chambers. The first is underground, carved into bedrock called the Unfinished Subterranean Chamber. The second chamber is above ground and is called the Queen’s Chamber. The last chamber is above ground and called the King’s Chamber.
The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made construction in the world for almost 4,000 years, until Lincoln cathedral – with its 160m spire – was built in AD 1311.