Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. The only president to resign the office, Nixon had previously served as a US representative and senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
In August 1974, after his role in the Watergate conspiracy had finally come to light, the president resigned. His successor, Gerald Ford, immediately pardoned Nixon for all the crimes he “committed or may have committed” while in office. Although Nixon was never prosecuted, the Watergate scandal changed American politics forever, leading many Americans to question their leadership and think more critically about the presidency.
Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-94) had a violent bully for a father and two of his brothers died from TB. He escapes home-life through a relentless work ethic earning a scholarship to college. Academically successful, he’s socially awkward, or as Professor David Reynolds puts it; Nixon is the ‘perpetual outsider’. Nixon’s nickname there is ‘Gloomy Gus’.
Nixon serves during the Second World War and enters Republican politics on his return. He wages a dirty tricks campaign against his opponent saying she’s ‘pink right down to her underwear’, i.e. a communist. In return, she gives him a nickname that will stay with him for life, ‘Tricky Dick’.
"The only thing that finishes a politican," he believed, "is quitting. Being in what your enemies call disgrace doesn't finish you . . . Even when you're down and bleeding and being kicked in the nuts, you have to get up and fight back."
Even Watergate did not finish him, and in the next 20 years he established himself as the confidant of his successors in the White House.
When Richard Nixon died on April 22, 1994, at the age of 81, The Post's Martin Weil and Eleanor Randolph captured the life of America's tragic political figure by describing him as "a polarizing figure who won a record landslide and resigned in disgrace 21 months later." The 37th president of the United States resigned in disgrace on Aug. 9, 1974, because of public and political pressures created by the Watergate scandal.
A case point is Richard NIxon's famous trip to China. Nixon held close ties to the anti-China lobby for most of his career and had built a tough, anti-communist reputation. Once in office, Nixon shocked the public by opening diplomatic relations with China and traveling to Beijing to meet with Chairman Mao. The common wisdom has it that "Only Nixon could have gone to China".
In 1942 Nixon joined the navy. He rose from lieutenant junior grade to lieutenant commander, he served in Pacific, primarily in Logistics.
In 1946 Nixon ran to become the US representative from California's twelfth Congressional District (Whittier and parts of Los Angeles). He defeated the five time incumbent Democratic Representative Jerry Voorhis. Nixon helped draft the Taft-Harley act. Nixon emerged as a national figure due to his position as Chairman of the House Un-American Activities Special Subcommittee to investigate whether government officials were former Communists. This became known as the Alger Hiss case
He was born on the 9th of January 1913 as the second child of five siblings between Frank Nixon and Hanna Milhous Nixon. Richard Nixon earned his degree from Whittier College California in 1934 and Duke University Law School in Durham, North Carolina in 1937. He got married in 1940 to Thelma Catherine (“Pat”) Ryan—a teacher and an amateur actress.
Shortly after Richard Nixon took office in 1969, he proposed a dramatic restructuring of American government. The bloated federal bureaucracies, Nixon believed, buried creative entrepreneurship under mountains of red tape and fostered dependency on handouts. He called instead for a "New Federalism" -- a system which directed money and power away from the federal bureaucracy and toward states and municipalities. This system, Nixon said, could respond more efficiently to the needs of the people.
Under Richard Nixon's leadership, the United States rationally and systematically pursued a new world order, including the end of American participation in the Vietnam war, the establishment of diplomatic relations with Peking, detente with the Soviet Union, and the first steps toward the control of strategic weapons. His policies set the United States on a whole new course in its foreign policy as he made shifts in American's posture toward allies and adversaries alike.
After two terms he was elected to the U.S. Senate. In 1952, General Eisenhower selected him as his running mate. He was Vice President for eight years. After losing to John F. Kennedy by a razor-thin margin in 1960 and then making an unsuccessful bid for governor of California in 1962, he practiced law, wrote, and traveled extensively in Europe and Asia.