The Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783, and it was ratified by congress on January 14, 1784. It marked the end of the American Revolutionary war.
Signed by John Jay, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams, who negotiated the treaty for the U.S., and by David Hartley, member of the House of Commons, representing King George III.
Although the American delegation had been directed by Congress to negotiate in coordination with the French, because of the complicated other issues involving Spain and other countries, the Americans settled with the British independently.
Officially recognized the thirteen colonies of Great Britain as independent and free states. This officially set the new status for them as being a sovereign United States of America.
Britain negotiated the Paris peace treaty without consulting her Native American allies and ceded all Native American territory between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River to the United States.
At British Insistence, the Americans agreed that colonists who had remained loyal to the mother country would not suffer persecution and that Loyalists' property that had been seized by state and local governments would be restored.
Full of resentment, Native Americans reluctantly confirmed these land cessions with the United States in a series of treaties, but the fighting would be renewed in conflicts along the frontier in the coming years, the largest being the Northwest Indian War.
Gained control of the entire region between Canada and Florida east of the Mississippi River, and the right of Americans to fish in Atlantic waters off of Canada.
Other important provisions established U.S. boundaries, specified certain fishing rights, and allowed creditors of each country to be paid by citizens of the other.
With the signing of the treaty a fact, the United States was free to develop on its own terms. Although the European nations did not think that an independent republic could survive very long, they were not in a position to interfere in its development.