Lyric Poetry: a short poem with one speaker (not necessarily the poet) who expresses thought and feeling. Though it is sometimes used only for a brief poem about feeling (like the sonnet).it is more often applied to a poem expressing the complex evolution of thoughts and feeling, such as the elegy, the dramatic monologue, and the ode. The emotion is or seems personal In classical Greece, the lyric was a poem written to be sung, accompanied by a lyre.
Lyric poems in early languages nearly always rhyme, to take advantage of the musical element of phonology, and they often use alliteration, assonance, and consonance to amplify rhythmic patterns. After the end of Classical Latin in about the sixth century, poets writing in the vernacular "Romance" European languages that were based on Latin tended to lose their interest in or ability to count strict meter. Rather than writing in "feet" (e.g., iambic pentameter), they composed in verse lines with varying numbers of syllables that were organized around predictable patterns of "stress" or emphasis, such as the four-stress lines in which most of Chaucer's lyrics were written.
A common type of poem that expresses that personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker. Often written in first person, but sometimes no speaker is specified. Presents a subjective mood, emotion, or idea. Very often, but not always, about love or death
Lyric poetry is so called because in ancient Greece poems of this type were originally set to music and recited or sung to the accompaniment of a hand-held harp called a "lyre." The earliest lyrics were of two kinds: the religious lyric, a hymn or song like prayer addressed to a god or goddess (cf. the Psalms of the Old Testament); and the so-called "drinking song" or "song of the table," a brash, robust, and merry sort of effort, often boastful, misogynistic, or pornographic.
Love lyrics are common, but lyric poems have also been written on subjects as different as religion and reading. Sonnets and odes are lyric poems.
Generally, lyric poets rely on personal experience, close relationships, and description of feelings as their material. The central content of lyric poems is not the story or the interaction between characters; instead it is about the poet's feelings and personal views.
Many early European poets, such as Petrarch, Shakespeare, and Sidney, updated the lyric tradition by writing long sonnet sequences in praise of their mistresses. At the same time, religious poets like Herbert and Vaughan used lyrics to describe their relationships to God and Christ.
The lyrical poet allows us to behold the "ground of being" as appearing. Yet through the reinstituted illusion of appearances and individuation, we can still hear the original pain in the "reverberation of the image" (39). In lyric poetry, the words and images that rise from a "musical mood" "reverberate" back into sounds and music.
The Greek lyric poets composed some of the liveliest, juiciest, most personal lines that the ancient world ever knew. The very personal nature of these poems has made them perennial favorites with a wide variety of readers it has also meant that they are often difficult to understand.
The Elizabethan lyric is written for the tabor, the lute, the virginals; here we listen to the tones of an organ. The art of the poem is as great as the inspiration; we are carried on an on by the sweep of the verse until the elegy reads it had been struck off in the white heat of the poet's emotion.