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Verb Types and Usages

Verb Types and Usages

A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence (happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). In the usual description of English, the basic form, with or without the particle to, is the infinitive.

 

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Christa Penning

Christa Penning

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Subject/verb agreement is necessary in order to form a grammatical sentence. A subject, such as ‘the frog’ or ‘the frogs’ must each have an action that agrees with it (singular or plural). Singular subjects involve only one noun (person, place or thing) or pronoun (modifier of a noun, such as I, you, he, she, it etc.). Plural subjects, such as ‘the frogs,’ involve more than one noun or pronoun, such as we, they, etc. The verbs that go in the sentence following these subjects must agree.

Article: Subject/Verb agreement
Source: Write.com

A Phrasal Verb consists of a verb and a preposition or adverb that modifies or changes the meaning. "Give up" is such a verb that means stop doing something, which is very different from "give". The word or words that modify a verb in this manner can also go under the name particle.

Article: A Phrasal Verb consists o...
Source: www.english-for-students....

Shall, should, will, would, may, might, can, could, must, ought and dare are called modal verbs.

Article: Verbs
Source: www.english-for-students....

A verb which helps another verb to form its tense, voice or mood is called an Auxiliary verb. Have, be (am,are,was and were) and do are usually used as auxiliary verbs, they can be used as Main verbs as well.

Article: Verbs
Source: www.english-for-students....

English verbs are divided by function into two basic categories: linking verbs and action verbs. Linking verbs are also called being verbs because they express states of being. Action verbs, well, they describe an action. Linking verbs are like giant equal signs plopped into the middle of your sentence.

Article: Linking Verbs versus Acti...
Source: For Dummies

Yes, verbs have moods, but these "moods" have nothing to do with human emotions such as anger, sadness, or excitement. The "mood" of a verb refers to how the writer presents an idea. The three moods are indicative, imperative, and subjunctive. The indicative mood is the one most often used. In general, it is used for situations when facts and reality, as opposed to guesses, wishes, or imagined situations, are the content of a sentence or clause. The imperative forms direct commands. The subjunctive mood generally signals that the action or state specified by the verb is the object of a wish, a hope or fear, a request, a conjecture, belief or hypothesis, or is for some reason unreal.

Article: 1.3e - Mood
Source: University of Calgary

Verbs can have moods, which indicate the attitude of the speaker. Some writers have problems with verbs as the result of an incorrect tense or irregular verbs. Verbs play a key role in constructing sentences.

Article: English: What Is a Verb?
Source: Cliffs Notes

Often, prefixes and suffixes (affixes) will signify that a word is a verb. For example, the suffixes -ify, -ize, -ate, or -en usually signify that a word is a verb, as in typify, characterize, irrigate, and sweeten. Prefixes such as be-, de-, or en- may signify that a word is a verb, as in bestow, dethrone, and encourage.
Because many verbs in English are irregular; as result, their –ed and/or –en endings may not follow any obvious pattern.

Article: VERBs
Source: Towson University

The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and express actions, events, or states of being. The verb or compound verb is the critical element of the predicate of a sentence.

Article: What is a Verb?
Source: University of Ottawa

A verb is a part of speech that expresses action or state of being, or connects a subject to a complement. Verbs indicate whether the subject performs an action (active voice) or receives the action (passive voice). Verbs can be transitive (requires a direct object) or intransitive (does not require an object). The tenses of verbs are formed according to person, number, and tense.

Article: English: What Is a Verb?
Source: Cliffs Notes
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