Albert Camus 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French author, journalist, and philosopher. His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. He wrote in his essay "The Rebel" that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual freedom.
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1957 was awarded to Albert Camus "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times".
When the French philosopher, author and inveterate womaniser Albert Camus died in a car accident in 1960 just two years after winning the Nobel prize for literature, France's intellectual beau monde mourned what seemed an almost freakish tragedy.
Police found 144 pages of handwritten manuscript in the wreckage entitled The First Man, an unfinished novel based on Camus's childhood in Algeria and which he had predicted would be his finest work. The tragedy shocked and saddened France.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy's controversial suggestion that Camus's remains be re-interred inside the Panthéon alongside other giants of French literature including Victor Hugo, Rousseau and Voltaire, a move opposed by many on France's left, as well as Camus's own son, who believe the writer would have been appalled by the idea.
Camus viewed the independence struggle as less interested in advancing the lives of poor Algerians, whose conditions he had described in his journalism, but rather as an expression of Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser's pan-Arabism, encouraged by Moscow, which Camus had turned against.
He was born into poverty in Algiers and never knew his father, who died in the early exchanges of the First World War, when Albert was one. Brought up by his mother, his was a strict, maternal childhood. His grandmother used to beat him regularly, which explained his early penchant for playing in goal in street games: there was less scuffing of the shoes in goal
Albert Camus: “All that I know most surely about morality and obligations I owe to football.
Albert Camus Might Have Been Killed By The KGB For Criticising The Soviet Union, Claims Newspaper
Camus was often misunderstood. He was labeled an existentialist, but in interviews he protested that his The Myth of Sisyphus (1942) was "directed against the so-called existentialist philosophers." He was criticized for contributing to the literature of despair, but his novels (The Stranger, The Plague, The Fall) as well as his essays and plays sought to surmount despai
The words of this principled French writer and philosopher, who was born in Algeria, ring strongly today. Besides being a novelist and a playwright, Camus was an active journalist, writing hundreds of articles and editorials for newspapers, such as Combat and L'Express, in Algeria and in France during the Resistance and postliberation periods.
Camus’s son, Jean, says interring his father’s remains at the Panthéon, the Paris monument to some of the great men and women of France, would be contrary to his father’s wishes and does not want to have his legacy put to work in the service of the state, Le Monde quoted an unidentified intimate of Mr. Camus’s as saying.
Camus, born to humble circumstances in Algeria, is perhaps best known to the anglophone world for his absurdist short novel, “The Stranger,” a staple of undergraduate literature courses. He joined the Communist Party, but later fell out with it.
Albert Camus’s remains are currently buried in the cemetery of Lourmarin, in the Luberon area of Provence. He died in a car crash in the town of Villeblevin, in Burgundy, on Jan. 4, 1960, at the age of 46.