Pretty well all of his novels have been translated into a large number of languages, too. Yet Remarque remains a much-read German writer; he is not an outsider as far as Germany is concerned, whatever his personal history, but a German writer who is tulle international. There are not many of those.
The call for and clear declaration of belief in a more humane society, guided by pacifist ideas, formed the core of his literary work, which has been translated into more than 55 languages. Remarque bluntly demonstrates the cruelty and senselessness of war, especially in his period novels, and describes in strong words the inhumane consequences of oppression, persecution and exile.
He continued to set his stories amidst European upheaval. Three Comrades (1937) was a strongly anti-fascist story of three disillusioned soldiers in Germany after the first world war. A Hollywood movie based on it the next year deleted political content, such as book-burnings and anti-Semitism, to produce an inoffensive romantic story.
Remarque himself had left Germany for good in 1931, eventually settling in Switzerland before leaving there for the United States in 1939--that was a good time to leave Europe--where he became a naturalized US citizen in 1947. Already a celebrity, his fame grew as he continued to write and publish. After the war, Remarque returned to Switzerland, where he died in Locarno on 25 September 1970.
Other books include "Arc de Triomphe" ("Arch of Triumph"), "Zeit zu Leben und Zeit zu Sterben" ("A Time to Live and a Time to Die") and "Die Nacht von Lissabon" ("The Night of Lisbon"), most of them dealing with the politics and effects of world wars.
Remarque's next novel, Arch of Triumph, was published in 1945 after five years of work. After All Quiet, it is the work in which Remarque dealt perhaps most successfully with his existential homelessness-on a political as well as a personal level. The first idea for the novel occurred to him in 1938 in Paris. [...] The theme of political emigration in the novel is intimately connected with an inner homelessness.
From his initial, 1920 publication, in which he recalls the prewar German bohemian milieu, to his final novel, Schatten im Paradies (1971)--which narrates the troubles of wartime German exiles in America--Remarque's narratives reflect on events of the recent past. However, only in his late 1920s war novels did he first develop fully the dual perspective that characterizes most of his works: the depiction of the past in a way with urgent implications (moral, political, and so on) to readers at time of publications.
Among the first books singled out for banning or burning in Nazi Germany were volumes that championed pacifism and anti-militarism. No other work represented these tenets more forcibly than All Quiet on the Western Front by German author Erich Maria Remarque (1898–1970). Translated into dozens of languages, with sales exceeding 3.5 million in the first two years in Germany alone, the novel was made into a classic Hollywood film.
[Remarque's] literary styles can be subdivided into the following notes: strong powers of observation, unvarnished realism, skepticism, pessimism, connected with a subliminal social engagement. "One doesn't believe, how difficult I make it myself, to write so understandable. What you can read with easeness and - hopefully! - without any difficulties at the end, is the result of long polishment, simplification and correction. Especially if the man in the street is able to understand me, I have reached my goal". His handwriting conveys, according to graphological points of view, a modest, even if a proud man, who is reserved as far as he is concerned.
In his novels Remarque covered all important periods of German history experienced during his lifetime. However, his novels do not relate evens in the manner of a historical novel where concrete events and the characterization of a period of history are of primary importance. Instead, he always focuses on how history plays with the individual and his aspirations. The individual is depicted as one threatened by history, endangered, who tries to escape the effects of history, be it war, the aftermath of war and poverty, or persecution due to race or political conviction.