Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American author and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s.
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 was awarded to Ernest Hemingway "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style".
Hemingway shot himself to death on July 2, 1961, 50 years ago this weekend, but questions about his legacy resonate. In part, this has to do with the contradictory nature of his character: innovator and reactionary, self-mythologizer and cliché, purveyor of both a new way of seeing and some of the most garish stereotypes of masculinity, with his fixations on big-game hunting, booze and war.
Although he wrote almost to the end (and he's published posthumously at a rate rivaled only by L. Ron Hubbard and Jack Kerouac), he had produced most of his important work by 1940, when "For Whom the Bell Tolls" appeared. He was a personality and yet, half a century after his death, he is misunderstood, if we think of him at all.
Hemingway was a prolific traveler, leaving the US for Italy at the outset of World War I and going on to travel extensively through Europe, Africa and the Caribbean before returning to the US, where he committed suicide in 1961.
on graduation from high school in 1917, Hemingway became a reporter for the Kansas City Star. During World War I he served as an ambulance driver for the American Red Cross; wounded on the Austro-Italian front he was decorated for heroism.
Ernest Hemingway shows a tenderness that wasn't part of his usual macho persona in a dozen unpublished letters that became publicly available Wednesday in a collection of the author's papers at the Kennedy presidential library.
Experts say Hemingway credited her visit to Cuba in 1950 with inspiring him as he crafted the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Old Man and the Sea. He wrote of the literary award in a June 1953 letter to his friend, saying, "The book is back on the Best Seller lists due to the ig-noble Prize," a line Beegel sees as self-deprecating humor.
Hemingway represented the complete opposite. Why would he sit around the house watching Netflix Instant when he could go adventuring in Spain or Cuba or France or Africa or the nearest liquor store? Why would he play Nintendo or Xbox when he could play a game called war?
Ernest Hemingway's boyhood home in Oak Park, Ill., is for sale for $525,000. The Hemingway family moved to the house in 1906, when Hemingway was 7, and when he returned from World War I he spent time recuperating there. The large home is now a triplex.
“This is the first suny[sic] day for a long time and is beautiful the way winter should be and as you remember it,” Hemingway wrote in a 1958 letter from Cuba. “I wish I could write you good letters the way you do. Maybe it is because I write myself out in the other writing.”
in the late winter of 1961 Hadley Richardson got a call from her first husband, Ernest Hemingway. Though the writer had spoken to Richardson rarely since their divorce in 1927, and seen her just once in 22 years, she remained his most enduring muse — the model for the alluring but wounded Hemingway heroine — and recently, he'd been thinking about her a lot. He was working on a memoir of their years together in Paris, and he asked her a few questions about details he couldn't recall.