Herbert George "H.G." Wells (21 September 1866 – 13 August 1946) was a British author, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing text books and rules for war games.
He joined the Fabian Society in 1903, worked for the League of Nations in 1917, was the president of English PEN, the association of writers promoting liturature as a means of greater understanding between cultures, from 1933 to 1936, and was a co-founder of the Diabetic Association in 1934.
Wells’s diagnosis of diabetes (distinctions of Type 1 and Type 2 did not exist then) came in his early 60s, around 1930, and led to him giving up his teaching career. In July 1931 he became a private patient of the famous physician RD Lawrence.
In the 1930s and 40s, novelist HG Wells (1866-1946) made regular radio broadcasts from the BBC to the nation. Some have survived the passage of time and they reveal just a hint of the creative mind that gave us such science-fiction classics as <i>The Time Machine</i>, <i>The War of the Worlds</i> and <i>The First Men in the Moon</i>.
"Every time I see an adult on a bicycle, I no longer despair for the future of the human race."
"The Time Traveller (for so it will be convenient to speak of him) was expounding a recondite matter to us. His grey eyes shone and twinkled, and his usually pale face was flushed and animated. The fire burned brightly, and the soft radiance of the incandescent lights in the lilies of silver caught the bubbles that flashed and passed in our glasses."
Wells was also a prophet of the sexual revolution of our own era. He believed in free love and practised it tirelessly. He was married twice to women he loved, but neither of whom satisfied him sexually, and had several long-term relationships, as well as innumerable briefer affairs, mostly condoned by his second wife, Jane
Apprenticed to a draper at 14, at 17 Wells became a teacher/pupil at a grammar school. He won a scholarship to the Normal School of Science in London where he studied biology under TH Huxley. His interest faltered and he left without a degree in 1887. He taught in private schools for four years and finally obtained his degree in 1890.
H.G. Wells was born on Sept. 21, 1866. His parents were shopkeepers in Kent, England. His first novel, <i>The Time Machine</i> was an instant success and Wells produced a series of science fiction novels which pioneered our ideas of the future. His later work focused on satire and social criticism. Wells laid out his socialist views of human history in his Outline of History. He died in 1946.
"No one would have believed in the last years of the nineteenth century that this world was being watched keenly and closely by intelligences greater than man's and yet as mortal as his own; that as men busied themselves about their various concerns they were scrutinized and studied, perhaps almost as narrowly as a man with a microscope might scrutinize the transient creatures that swarm and multiply in a drop of water."
Despite or because of his socialism, his novels are almost universally pessimistic about human nature and the future, if prophetically accurate; he predicted the invention of tanks, aerial bombing, nuclear war, gas warfare, lasers and industrial robots.