No clear personal statement by Fielding about his political motives and beliefs has survived. Scholars interested in pinning down his political views have had a variety of political standpoints.
Henry Fielding came from a well respected family. His father was a general in the army, and his mother was the daughter of a judge.
Sir Robert Walpole passed the Licensing Act in 1737 enforcing performance censorship. The Licensing excluded Fielding from the London stage.
Henry's father Edmund Fielding was a careless parent who sired children and then forgot them. He was also a flamboyant aristocrat.
Fielding's Amelia is about a married couple in the time following their nuptials. There was another play called Amelia with the same theme that was produced before Amelia.
Fielding spent his early adult years poor. After inheriting a large sum of money, Fielding retired with his wife to the country. He lived extravagantly and in three years he was again penniless.
Fielding was shaped early in life by childhood trauma. The trauma resurfaces throughout his work.
"Best known for his masterpiece Tom Jones, Fielding was the quintessential author of his period: he wrote prolifically in several different genres (plays, poetry, periodical essay, satire, novel), engaged in spirited literary dialogues with the most important writers and thinkers of the eighteenth century."
Amelia closely resembled Fielding's first marriage to his wife Charlotte. Fielding's second wife even stated that he had given the stage manager in charge of Amelia a photo of himself and Charlotte to represent the characters in the play.
Fielding was hugely influential in the politics of his time. His plays were so embarrassing to the government that they are said to have been the main reason for the reintroduction of stage censorship in 1737.