Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust (10 July 1871 – 18 November 1922) was a French novelist, critic, and essayist best known for his monumental À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time; earlier translated as Remembrance of Things Past). It was published in seven parts between 1913 and 1927.
Proust is one of those writers who kept no diary, who wrote no memoirs. Not only that, but he took considerable care to dilute the autobiographical elements of his great novel. They are indeed so tenuous that any who scan Remembrance of Things Past in search of an image of its author are risking self-delusion.
Events in Proust are in the habit of indulging in a circular rather than a progressive movement. His shimmering, serpentine sentences dance their dance in recurrent spirals.
Proust died of pneumonia on November 18, 1922. The remaining volumes of his novel, which he had finished but not completely revised, were published by his brother Robert, with the help of Jacques Rivière and Jean Paulhan, directors of La Nouvelle Revue Française
For the last three years of his life Proust never stopped working on the novel, and it was during these years that three more volumes appeared: Le côté de Guermantes I (October 1920), Le côté de Guermantes II - Sodome et Gomorrhe I (May 1921), Sodome et Gomorrhe II (April 1922).
In his own lifetime the merit of Proust's novel was debated by those who perceived its brilliance and those who claimed it was unreadable. Today it is recognized as one of the major literary works of French expression.
In 1912 Proust produced the first volume of his seven part major work, Remembrance of Things Past. The second book, which was delayed by the WW I, appeared in 1919, and the next parts made him internationally famous
Marcel Proust was born on July 10, 1871, in Auteuil, a suburb of Paris, France. His parents, Dr. Adrien Proust and Jeanne Weil, were wealthy. Proust was a nervous and frail child.
In the early 1900s he produced celebrated literary pastiches and translations of Ruskin, The Bible of Amiens and Sesame and Lilies and it was during this period that he wrote Contre Sainte-Beuve, although it was not published until 1954.
French novelist Marcel Proust was one of the greatest writers of the twentieth century. His books abandoned plot and dramatic action in favor of the narrator's descriptions of his experiences in the world.
Throughout his life, Proust was chronically ill, suffering from asthma. During his youth, he frequented high society, and he often describes the social world in his fiction. During his thirties, he began to withdraw from society, and devote himself to his writing.