How Anderson's work is viewed today is much different than in his time. Modern readers are likely to see unresolved tension in the racial motifs and gender roles in his novels.
Anderson died of peritonitis in the Canal Zone on his way to South America. He'd swallowed part of a toothpick before his ship left New York. By the time he got to the Canal Zone and into a hospital at Colon, it was too late.
"Much of what Sherwood Anderson wrote about paralleled his own life. Ironically, considering all of his negativism about industry, per Kim Townsend from the American National Biography, he owned two companies—a mail-order company and a roofing company."
Hemingway's relationship with Anderson was different than Faulkner's. They only corresponded for about four to five months. After their first few evenings working together, Hemingway began to not see eye to eye on a number of things
Faulkner first sought out Anderson after reading “I’m a Fool." William believed that it was the best short story ever written.
Anderson helped struggling writers get published, including Faulkner and Hemingway. They later parodied him in their books.
As a newspaperman, Anderson immersed himself in local politics. He sometimes adopted an alter ego and pseudonym, Buck Fever, to report on colorful characters and events in town.
Historians say that Anderson suffered a nervous breakdown in 1912. For several days in November of that year, a disoriented Anderson wandered the streets of Cleveland, and early the next year he decided to leave his wife and children.
Sherwood Anderson is perhaps best known as a writer of short stories. However he wrote for a variety of mediums, including newspapers and novels.
"Anderson was always the best at the image, the impression, the sketch, the tale, the essay, not the longer integrated work. He captured feelings and impressions, not changes in characters."