He came not with an orchestral army, as great geniuses are wont to come. He possesses only a little cohort, but it belongs to him wholly and entirely, even to the last hero.
Chopin's last years were sad ones. The tuberculosis that steadily stole his strength and energy was now killing him. Eventually he had to stop performing and finally became too weak to teach. At the age of 39 he died.
Several young ladies appear to have been the object of Chopin's affections over the years, but the most celebrated female with whom he had a relationship was Aurore Dudevant, known as George Sand, whom he met in 1836.
The Chopin Competition is one of the few monograph piano contests in the world and is entirely devoted to the music of one composer. It’s worth stressing that this monographic character not only enables to compare the classify the participants and gives the jury a general look into the current level of the world pianism, but also gives an opportunity to observe the attitude towards Chopin’s works and music genres he composed.
He expressed his nationalist fervor through the rhythms of the Polish countryside, mazurkas, and the processional dance, the polonaise. In 1836 Robert Schumann wrote, "If the Czar knew what a dangerous enemy threatens him in the works of Chopin he would banish that music. These works are like cannons hidden beneath flowers."
The friendships in Paris became important when Chopin exercised principle over convenience and decided to defy the Czar of Russia's edict that passports be extended in the Russian embassy. This refusal to comply made Chopin a political refugee and prohibited Chopin from ever returning to his home, where his parents still resided.
Throughout his music, dominant chords frequently feature "upper extensions," such as the 9th, 11th, 13th, and even altered tones, harmonized as part of the sounding chord. This expansion would contribute greatly to the richer harmonic textures that became more common as the Romantic Era continued.
Chopin recognized that he did not have the stamina (strength) to compete in public against such talents as Franz Liszt (1811–1886) and Sigismund Thalberg (1812–1871). So long as he was able to earn enough by teaching, Chopin preferred composition to playing concerts.
For more than a century he has been the first of that country's national heroes and to the whole world his music is still the voice of Poland.
His works were mostly written for the piano, notably mazurkas, polonaises, nocturnes, ballades, etudes, and waltzes. These works show a romantic, very personal character, often tinged by melancholy. Chopin's works explored and vastly extended piano technique and harmonic concepts.