The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. In English, prior to 1770, the instrument was called "hautbois" (French compound word made of haut ("high, loud") and bois ("wood, woodwind"), "hoboy", or "French hoboy". The spelling "oboe" was adopted into English ca. 1770 from the Italian oboè.
No one knows the exact means of the instrument’s migration into the West, but it is generally accepted that the double reed reached Europe during the Crusades. Increased trade propelled Medieval Europe’s growth and expansion.
Symphony oboists have several on hand during a concert, changing when needed during the concert. Players of other instruments in the orchestra have teasingly said that playing an oboe would drive the player insane. Oboists denied this; instead they say that it’s insane to choose to play the oboe!
Before the oboe starts to play everyone's doing their own thing and it sounds like a lot of noise. But the oboe comes in and soon everyone's playing together. The neurons are acting in concert and the tremor goes away.
Vibrato on the oboe is like a vocal vibrato: it is the natural result of a mature and efficient tone production technique. Thus, while it is rare to find a fourteen year old singer with a decent vibrato, it is just as rare to find a thirty year old singer without one.
Oboes and English Horns are expensive. Even the cheapest oboe will cost well over $1,000. Since oboes sell much more slowly than drums or guitars, never mind refrigerators or cars, even the advantages of mass production are minimized and don't lower cost as much as you'd expect.
Invented in the Middle Ages, [the oboe] was played by huntsmen and shepherds, until it was finally admitted into orchestras in France in 1657. In the 1700s, the sound was still abrasive and the instrument extremely difficult to play.
The English style of Oboe, which since the 19th century has been the predominant style, features a striking reed and a full-length resonator with two parts, both of inverted conical form, with the upper part (the "bell") having a wider flare than the bottom par
The oboe’s distinguishing feature from other instruments (excluding those in its respective family) is the existence of a double reed: two flattened blades of bamboo that produce sound through the vibrations of one blade against the other.
Oboes are a double-reed instrument. The two reeds are tied together, and stick up from the top of the oboe. There's no mouthpiece, like you'd find on a clarinet or other single reed instruments.
The oboe is responsible for carrying out the steady A note to which all other instruments of the orchestra tune to. Two or three oboes are found in an orchestra, the third playing the cor anglaise - the alto member of the oboe family - when required.