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History of Rap Music

History of Rap Music

Hip hop music, also called hip-hop,rap music or hip-hop music, is a musical genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching, etc.

 

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James Kopf

James Kopf

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"Wherever you grow up, that's your root, right?" Jay asks. "My goal was to have one gold album, and that was it, and then it became, 'I want to show that artists can extend to the executive ranks.'"

Article: Jay-Z Rocawear Commercial
Source: Huffington Post

"Anger and self assertion" were the most galvanising things about what we now call "old school" hip-hop, and it's thrilling to have them back. Odd Future's lyrics can be devastating in the right way – when Tyler and Earl Sweatshirt rap about their fatherlessness ... they become indelible.

Article: Rappers and Rape: the Inc...
Source: The Guardian

Since forming the politically toned rap group Public Enemy in 1986, the rapper (né Carlton Ridenhour) has been vocal about all sorts of issues — from empowering African-Americans through self-sufficiency (“Brothers Gonna Work It Out”) to extolling black leaders like Malcolm X (It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold us Back).

Article: Rapping With Chuck D
Source: ABC News

[Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five's] ''The Message'' owes its appeal to dramatic ''hooks'' and its graphic depiction of the frustrations and anger of an urban black.

Article: Rap: The Furious Five
Source: The New York Times

Instead of a funk band, Bambaataa clipped beats and sounds from a record by Germany’s dance-rock pioneers Kraftwerk. A new approach to music making (and copyright lawsuits) was born.

Article: Getting To The Heart Of H...
Source: Chicago Sun Times

[Afrika] Bambaataa’s party culture thrived throughout the ’70s. Then rappers started making records.

Article: Getting To The Heart Of H...
Source: Chicago Sun Times

Herc brought his sound system to block parties in the Bronx from 1969 onwards. By 1975 he was playing the brief rhythmic sections of records which would come to be termed "breaks"

Article: Kool D.J. Herc
Source: Hip Hop Network

Modern day rap music finds its immediate roots in the toasting and dub talk over elements of reggae music. In the early 70's, a Jamaican dj known as Kool Herc moved from Kingston to NY's West Bronx. Here, he attempted to incorporate his Jamaican style of dj which involved reciting improvised rhymes over the dub versions of his reggae records

Article: Articles - Kool D.J. Herc
Source: WELCOME TO HIPHOP-NETWORK...

A DJ would be at a party playing songs and focusing on the breaks, those most exciting, energizing drum sequences, and running those back and forth to get the dancers excited. Then they had to do something on the microphone to keep people's attention ... so what developed out of DJing was the very concept of MCing: putting words in rhyme to the music.

Article: 'The Anthology Of Rap': L...
Source: NPR

In [late 19th Century, Southern black] culture “lying”, or story telling, was an integral part of everyday life.  The actual telling of these “lies” was as important was the stories themselves.  Playing the dozens is one example of a ritualized vernacular contest that helped both urban and rural African-Americans develop this skill.

Article: The Use of Black Dialect ...
Source: Centenary College of Loui...
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