Feminism is a collection of movements aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights for women. In addition, feminism seeks to establish equal opportunities for women in education and employment. A feminist is a "person whose beliefs and behavior are based on feminism."
What, really, does today's feminism hope to achieve? I'm not a feminist, I'm not an anti-feminist -- I challenge any concept or idea if I see something wrong, or agree with what it says is right. And today, it seems to me feminism has less and less rights and more wrongs.
I think in the Western world anyway, feminism has run its course. No question that it has acheived remarkable things and has greatly improved the quality of life for women -- challenging the stupid and archaic notions that we have held on to for too long that have abused and oppressed women for ages. Feel proud, because women today definitely live a freer, better life than ages ago.
Feminism, the pessimists say, is over, drowned in a froth of pink tulle and buried with a stiletto heel through its heart. For those who have struggled to measure its success by its victories in equal pay and boardroom jobs, progress has been dishearteningly slow. The forces of darkness never seem far away, ready to berate the feckless undermining of the patriarchy, or to mock the reluctance of women to fight their way to the top as honorary men. Feminists have had their chance and it turned out no one wanted what they were selling.
One of the most famous examples of political feminism is 1972’s Title IX. This federal law states, in paraphrase, that no person on the basis of sex should be denied the benefits of any educational program or activity receiving federal funding. The basis of feminism, equality of the sexes, is explicitly supported through law, and the social consequences have been most dramatically seen in the field of women’s athletics. This law is not independent of economics, as it is based in assessing a money trail, but the cultural responses are far more visible by forcing schools to treat differently gendered students equally in the classroom and extracurricular activities.
More than 40 years after feminists tossed their bras and high heels into a trash can at the 1968 Miss America pageant — kicking off the bra-burning myth that will never die — some young women are taking to the streets to protest sexual assault, wearing not much more than what their foremothers once dubbed “objects of female oppression” in marches called SlutWalks.
It’s a controversial name, which is in part why the organizers picked it. It’s also why many of the SlutWalk protesters are wearing so little (though some are sweatpants-clad, too). Thousands of women — and men — are demonstrating to fight the idea that what women wear, what they drink or how they behave can make them a target for rape. SlutWalks started with a local march organized by five women in Toronto and have gone viral, with events planned in more than 75 cities in countries from the United States and Canada to Sweden and South Africa. In just a few months, SlutWalks have become the most successful feminist action of the past 20 years.
Feminism has altered predominant perspectives in a wide range of areas within Western society, ranging from culture to law. Feminist activists have campaigned for women's legal rights (rights of contract, property rights, voting rights); for rights to bodily integrity and autonomy, for abortion rights, and for reproductive rights (including access to contraception and quality prenatal care); for protection from domestic violence, sexual harassment and rape; for workplace rights, including maternity leave and equal pay; and against other forms of discrimination.
Roots of the movement in the United States and the United Kingdom include the Women's Suffrage movement of the early 1900s and the Women's Liberation (or "Second Wave Feminist") movement of the 1960s and 1970s.
The Equal Rights Amendment, which proponents claimed would address the inadequacies of the Fourteenth Amendment concerning women and citizenship, was proposed in the US in 1923. The amendment passed Congress in 1972 but was ultimately defeated, falling just three states short of the required three-quarters majority on June 30, 1982. Some conservatives, particularly Phyllis Schlafly, felt that its passage would entail adverse consequences, including making girls subject to the military draft, requiring taxpayer-funded abortion the end of single-sex schools and classes, requiring the issuance of homosexual marriage licenses, and the revocation of laws that protect women in dangerous jobs, such as factory or mining work. Indeed, in states that passed their own state versions of ERA, several of these results were subsequently ordered by courts.
Feminist Ethics is an attempt to revise, reformulate, or rethink traditional ethics to the extent it depreciates or devalues women's moral experience. Among others, feminist philosopher Alison Jaggar faults traditional ethics for letting women down in five related ways. First, it shows less concern for women's as opposed to men's issues and interests. Second, traditional ethics views as trivial the moral issues that arise in the so-called private world, the realm in which women do housework and take care of children, the infirm, and the elderly. Third, it implies that, in general, women are not as morally mature or deep as men. Fourth, traditional ethics overrates culturally masculine traits like “independence, autonomy, intellect, will, wariness, hierarchy, domination, culture, transcendence, product, asceticism, war, and death,” while it underrates culturally feminine traits like “interdependence, community, connection, sharing, emotion, body, trust, absence of hierarchy, nature, immanence, process, joy, peace, and life.” Fifth, and finally, it favors “male” ways of moral reasoning that emphasize rules, rights, universality, and impartiality over “female” ways of moral reasoning that emphasize relationships, responsibilities, particularity, and partiality
The feminist movement has had an immense effect on American culture, laws, education and social relationships. A principal tenet of the doctrine of Political Correctness, feminism is the prevailing dogma on university campuses and in the book industry. The feminists are powerful enough in the media, in schools and colleges, and in politics and government to intimidate most of their opposition, especially men.
Some would say feminism is about basic human rights and that it's just a modern social movement. The truth is, the feminist movement is neither modern nor social in its origin. At its roots are ancient, highly religious elements that are rarely, if ever, mentioned.
Feminist leaders easily fit what the apostle Paul warned about ... saying false teachers can often be identified by their opposition or indifference to the essential truths of the gospel.
Although it was not until the late 19th Century that the terms ‘feminism’ and ‘feminists’ were used, it was a concept that had existed for a very long time. Wherever women’s rights were at the forefront of a struggle, that term could be ascribed to those who were leading the struggle. However, in feminist studies, the term Protofeminism is what is given to these movements that took place before the modern feminist movements.
The modern movements are usually classified into three waves: The first wave feminism; second wave feminism and the third wave feminist movement. For the first wave movement, there had been women who were at the forefront of the argument against the inequalities suffered by women and these women were quite vocal. Women like Mary Wollstonecraft who was an author and thought leader in early 19th Century Britain.