Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime.
In 1842, Marx joined the staff of the newspaper the “Rheinische Zeitung” and became its editor. The views expressed in it quickly came to the attention of the authorities and it was suppressed. Marx went to Paris. In 1845, he was expelled from Paris and went to Brussels.
"Marx ... should be studied as a historical phenomenon but not at the expense of the Mahatma and not at the expense of Mandela," Trinamool MP Derek O'Brien said in an online post. He added that the move was a corrective one and not an attempt to doctor history.
His stern face, framed by a mass of gray hair, symbolizes for many Americans the costly battles of the 20th century: battles against communism, socialism, and authoritarianism fought in defense of democracy and free-market capitalism.
Marx famously said that all criticism begins with the criticism of religion. This is often taken to be the starting point of a position that ends with the slogan that "religion is the opium of the people". However, as with most thinkers, this reduction to slogans does not do the ideas behind them justice.
ECONOMIST NOURIEL Roubini, whose predictions of the financial crash of 2008 earned him the nickname "Dr. Doom," has referred his patients to a specialist in capitalist crisis: Dr. Karl Marx.
As the anti-capitalist protesters cluster in their encampments across the western world, one pictures the ghost of Karl Marx wandering among the tents and nodding approvingly.
Marx’s corpus is a structure of interpretive analysis that seeks to explain the historical uniqueness of capitalism. Deeply influenced by such classical political economists as Adam Smith and David Ricardo, Marx nonetheless criticized their representation of the capitalist mode of production and its ‘bourgeois’ social relations as a given.
Hence it is not far wrong to say that if Marx has inspired one revolution he has prevented dozen, for it is largely due to his denunciation that men have had their eyes opened to the evils of the industrial system and have sought by peaceful means to remedy them.
Marx’s main contribution to the social sciences has been his theory of historical materialism. Its starting point is anthropological. Human beings cannot survive without social organisation.
Karl Marx was a middle-class philosopher, economist, and journalist (whose main employer was a New York newspaper). He was also flawed in the extreme. He drank excessively, behaved shamefully in his home life, and worked obsessionally, though he produced little that earned him money or recognition during his lifetime.
No thinker in the 19th-century has perhaps had so direct, deliberate and powerful influence upon mankind as Karl Marx. The strength of his influence was unique. He completed the bulk of his work between 1844 and 1883, a period of democratic nationalism, trade unionism and revolution.
Karl Marx was born in 1818 and died in 1883. Marx was a German Jew. His father was a lawyer. When Marx was six years of age, his family became Christian but religion never appealed spiritually to Marx who later referred to it as “the opium of the people”.