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Metaphysics

Metaphysics

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world, although the term is not easily defined. Traditionally, metaphysics attempts to answer two basic questions in the broadest possible terms: "What is there?" "What is it like?"

 

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Alex Ivans

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The ways in which anything that is can be said or thought to be. Leaving to sciences like biology or physics or mathematics or psychology the task of addressing the special ways in which physical things, or living things, or mathematical objects, e.g., numbers, or souls (minds) come to have the peculiar qualities each, respectively, has, the subject-matter of metaphysics are principles common to everything. Perhaps the most general principle is: to be is to be something. Nothing just exists, we might say. This notion implies that each entity/item/thing has at least some one feature or quality or property.

Article: Plato's Middle Period Met...
Source: Plato

The belief in something outside the circle of Man that, once revealed or deciphered, can serve as a polar star to all human affairs, a definitive blueprint for the progress of our beliefs and desires. Past candidates include, but are not limited to: gods, natures, transcendental ideas, true selves, biology, dark amoebic forces, class struggle, and planetary alignment. These notions may at times be extremely useful or fruitful, taken as conceptual tools in a world of choices. The problems come when we fall into believing that some framework or fixture of reality can ultimately choose for us, rather than simply influence our decision

Article: Philosophy without Metaph...
Source: //Brandon Joyce.//

Blaga’s metaphysics postulates that the entire cosmos is the product of a single source. In contrast to traditional theistic and some Big Bang cosmologies, Blaga asserts that creation is ongoing, a continuing emission and recombination of myriads of differentials. The emission and combination of these occur in such a way as to prevent the differentials from re-creating their source and destabilizing existence.

Article: The Metaphysics of Religi...
Source: inside.fdu.edu

There is a wide selection of objects, ranging from tapestries with scripture passages woven into the borders, fine arts paintings, chalices incised with proverbs, emblems, table linens, copies of Bibles or manuscripts, clothing, masks, stage props, jewelry, furniture and foodstuffs. Although the presence of such material objects seems paradoxical, given the scriptural mandate to disregard things of this world, and to "store up treasure", rather, in heaven

Article: Earthly Treasures: Materi...
Source: Purdue University Press

Chinese metaphysics is a constituent part of Taoism, a philosophy based on Qi, the energy - the principle of the Yin & Yang balance and the theory of 5 elements. Therefore, the ancient Chinese sciences like Feng Shui, Chinese Astrology, Face Reading, Qi Gong, Tai Chi, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) as well as I Ching divination all represent parts of the very same knowledge.

Article: History -> Humanistic ...
Source: History - China culture

The area of metaphysics and epistemology - which includes the subfields of philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, decision and rational choice theory, as well as substantial portions of philosophy of science and philosophy of religion - has always been a core area of philosophy

Article: Metaphysics and Epistemol...
Source: SHPRS

Is the mind, for example, just the activity of the brain, as many suppose? Or is it more than that? This is one of the issues that psychology has inherited from religion as well as philosophy: We can just as well ask about the separate existence of the soul, and its relationship to mind and body.

Article: Metaphysics
Source: My Webspace files

There is also metaphysics that arises in reference to particular subject matters, this being therefore metaphysical primarily with regard to the second question (what are things ultimately like? – or, what kinds of thing ultimately exist?)

Article: Metaphysics : Routledge E...
Source: Routledge

The second type of inquiry seeks to uncover what is ultimately real, frequently offering answers in sharp contrast to our everyday experience of the world. Understood in terms of these two questions, metaphysics is very closely related to ontology, which is usually taken to involve both ‘what is existence (being)?’ and ‘what (fundamentally distinct) types of thing exist?

Article: Metaphysics : Routledge E...
Source: Routledge

Metaphysics is a broad area of philosophy marked out by two types of inquiry. The first aims to be the most general investigation possible into the nature of reality: are there principles applying to everything that is real, to all that is? – if we abstract from the particular nature of existing things that which distinguishes them from each other, what can we know about them merely in virtue of the fact that they exist

Article: Metaphysics : Routledge E...
Source: Routledge
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