Pan-Arabism was a secular movement which combined anti-imperialism with advocacy of modernisation and fought the Mullahs with just as much fervour as it fought the British and US soldiers. For its part, the imperialists supported every feudalistic monarch or reactionary cleric they could find against the progressive, secular Arab movements. Nevertheless, the Pan Arab movement one by one liberated the Arab countries from Western occupation.
Franz Fanon was very unequivocal in his call for Africans to counter colonial violence with what he called “greater violence.” This was because in his view, “no diplomacy, no political genius, no skill” can cope with colonialism except “force.” He spoke of colonialism in very bitter terms. “Colonialism is not a thinking machine,” Fanon held, “nor a body endowed with reasoning faculties. It is violence in its natural state and will only yield when confronted with greater violence.”
An effective system of colonialism reduces the imposed upon to a shell of a human who is incapable of thinking in a subjective way of his or her own interest. In everything the person becomes like the imposer; thus in desires, wishes, visions, purposes, styles, structures, values, and especially the values of education, the person operates against his or her own interest. Colonialism does not engender creativity'; it stifles it, suppresses it under the cloak of assistance when in fact it is creating conditions that make it impossible for humans to effectively resist.
Black Liberation Struggle developed in three phases: Black Anti-colonialism which peaked in the late 1940s; the Civil Rights Movement; and Revolutionary Black Nationalism. Movement organization and broad frame adoption followed successful insurgent mobilization and political context mattered differently for different practices.
From the anticolonial perspective, American imperialism is on a rampage. For a while, U.S. power was checked by the Soviet Union, but since the end of the Cold War, America has been the sole superpower. Moreover, 9/11 provided the occasion for America to invade and occupy two countries, Iraq and Afghanistan, and also to seek political and economic domination in the same way the French and the British empires once did. So in the anticolonial view, America is now the rogue elephant that subjugates and tramples the people of the world.
This dependence is called neocolonialism, a term defined by the African statesman Kwame Nkrumah (1909--72) in his book Neocolonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism. Nkrumah, Ghana's first president, writes that poor countries may be nominally free, but they continue to be manipulated from abroad by powerful corporate and plutocratic elites. These forces of neocolonialism oppress not only Third World people but also citizens in their own countries. Obviously the solution is to resist and overthrow the oppressors.
D'Souza offers us a definition: "Anticolonialism is the doctrine that rich countries of the Westgot rich by invading, occupying and looting poor countries of Asia, Africa and South America." And even when former colonies "secure political independence," anticolonialists believe,according to D'Souza, that "they remain economically dependent on their former captors."
One of my responsibility as a White Person within a White Supremacist society is to recognize and respect the places and pursuits best left alone by the dominant. This is not to say that Whites have no role in the anti-colonial struggle, but rather that those roles are often best assigned and designed by the oppressed. it is relevant here to make a distinction between being White (as a subject location and site of difference) and Whiteness (as a system of privilege).
What was the anti-colonial movement’s greatest contribution to humanity?
There are two fundamental things that the anti-colonial liberation movement contributed to humanity. The first is simply that the suffering of a whole chunk of human beings through the actions of others was halted. The arrogance of one group of people in lording it over the human race and exploiting the poorer peoples was challenged and discredited – and that was a positive contribution made by the liberation struggle to all humanity.
Second, the liberation movement was very moral. It was not simply liberation in a vacuum. Gandhi argued a moral case and so did I. Liberation freed white people also. Take South Africa: there, the anti-apartheid victory freed whites as well as black people.
an·ti·co·lo·ni·al·ism [an-tee-kuh-loh-nee-uh-liz-uhm, an-tahy-]
opposition to colonialism.