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El Salvador

El Salvador

El Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador; Santa Ana and San Miguel are also important cultural and commercial centers in the country as well as Central America.


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Music in El Salvador features religious songs, which are mostly Roman Catholic. These were used during the Christmas time as well as other holidays, especially during the feast days celebrated by the saints. The modern music includes cumbia, hip hop, salsa and reggaeton.

Article: El Salvador Music
Source: Maps of World

U.S. policy toward El Salvador promotes the strengthening of El Salvador's democratic institutions, rule of law, judicial reform, national reconciliation and reconstruction, and economic opportunity and growth. El Salvador was a committed member of the coalition of nations fighting against terrorism and sent 11 rotations of troops to Iraq to support Operation Iraqi Freedom from 2003 through 2008.

Article: U.S. Department of State
Source: U.S. Department of State

Soccer is the national sport. Izalco is a natural volcano referred to as the Lighthouse because its smoke and flames are a guide to ships.There are more than 100 pyramid sites in El Salvador, many still unexcavated.

Article:   Worldmark Encyclopedia of…
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

The military service age and obligation is 18 for selective compulsory military service; 16-22 years of age for voluntary male or female service. Service obligation lasts 12 months, with 11 months for officers and NCOs (2009).

Article: Central Intelligence Agen...
Source: CIA

In 1930, 72% of Salvadorans over 10 years of age were illiterate; by the year 2000, the figure had been reduced to about 21.3% (males, 18.4%; females, 23.9%). As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 2.5% of GDP. Primary education is free and compulsory through elementary school, and the public school system is government controlled.

Article: El Salvador - Education
Source: Encyclopedia of the Natio...

The average life expectancy in 1998 was 69.6 years. The crude death rate was 7 per 1000 population in 1995, down from 23 in 1930. The fertility rate has dropped from 5.3 in 1980 to 3.2 in 1997.

Article:   Worldmark Encyclopedia of…
Source:  Offline Book/Journal

Farmland and pasture account for approximately 60% of land use. Its reliance on the crop caused economic structural imbalance. Fishing is important, but manufacturing is on a small scale.

Article: El Salvador : Oxford Refe...
Source: Oxford Reference Online

Spanish is the official language of El Salvador. During the precolonial epoch various Indian dialects were spoken, the most important of these being Nahuatl, spoken in the central region of the country, and Poton, spoken in the east. After the initial conquest, Spanish became the official language, and the Indian dialects slowly fell into disuse.

Article: El Salvador
Source: Britannica Academic

El Salvador is 75 percent Roman Catholic but has a growing Protestant movement. The Catholic Church returned to its traditional conservative stance after the end of the civil war. Among Protestant denominations, Pentecostal and fundamentalist sects—called evangelical churches—have had the largest growth.

Article: El Salvador
Source: Macmillan Reference

El Salvador lies within the Tropics; the climate, however, is moderated in many regions by high elevation. The climate of the coastal strip is tropical, while that of the plateau and highlands is semitropical and temperate. The mountain regions have a temperate climate.

Article: El Salvador
Source: Funk & Wagnalls New World...