It consists of five main island groups scattered across 5 million sq km midway between Australia and South America. Its young, growing population is some 259,800 people (according to the latest estimate of the French Polynesian Statistics Institute).
The climate of the Frenchpolynesia can be described as warm, tropical climate. Temperatures are warm all year round and can get hot in the summer but seldom reaches above 35°C. Trade winds from the east-southeast bring year long cooling breezes late afternoon and early evening.
The 57 members of the Assembly of French Polynesia are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. They are elected by proportional representation from the five French Polynesian archipelagos. Under the ‘majority bonus’ system, the party that secures the most votes in a particular electorate gets an extra 30 percent of the seats in that constituency. Because it is still part of France, French Polynesia is also represented in the French National Assembly by two elected Deputies (Michel Buillard and Bruno Sandras) and by two Senators in the French Parliament (Gaston Flosse and Richard Tuheiava).
The Government of French Polynesia consists of a 15-member executive known as the Council of Ministers. This body is appointed by the President of the Government, who in turn is elected by a majority vote of all the members in the Assembly of French Polynesia. The President’s term of office is five years.
All of the groups are mostly volcanic high-rise islands, except the Tuamotu chain, which is comprised of low-lying coral atolls.
French Polynesia covers a vast area of the southeastern Pacific Ocean, but its total landmass covers only 3,543 sq. km.
Over the ensuing years, various artists have helped spread the appeal of Tahiti to the rest of the world, including Robert Louis Stevenson in the 1890s, French artist Paul Gauguin who came in 1901 and died in the Marquesas in 1903. World War I veterans Charles Nordhoff and James Hall moved there in 1920 and made the mutiny on the Bounty famous with their trilogy that has been made into a series of movies.
In the time of 1000 B.C. Southeast Asian immmigrants arrived in the Samoan islands and from there they settled the rest of Polynesia.
First sparsely contacts with Europeans began in the early 1700s, intensified with the arrival of English missionaries and traders in the 1830s.
French Polynesia a collection of 118 islands covers a vast area of the southeastern Pacific Ocean, just about the size of Europe. Divided among five archipelagoes: the volcanic Society Islands, also called the islands under the wind (in the west) and the wind islands (in the east), with the well known island of Tahiti, the Tuamotu Archipelago, the Gambier Islands, the Marquesas Islands, and the coral Tubuai Islands (Austral Islands).
King George III of Great Britain took interest in the idea and, in 1764, sent Capt. John Byron (the poet's grandfather) to the Pacific in HMS Dolphin. Although Byron came home without discovering terra australis incognita (though he found some Tuamotu islands), King George immediately dispatched Capt. Samuel Wallis in the Dolphin.
The South Pacific Ocean came to Europe's attention during the latter half of the 18th century with the theory that an unknown southern land -- a terra australis incognita -- lay somewhere in the Southern Hemisphere.