After the initial national euphoria of democracy wore off, Ghana struggled during the 1990s to keep its economy afloat. Stagnation and joblessness dogged many frustrated young people.
In planning President Obama's visit to Africa in July 2009, the White House passed over Kenya, where Mr. Obama's late father was from, in favor of Ghana. A year after Kenya exploded in political violence; it remains a tense and unsettled place. Ghana, by contrast, is seen as an outpost of democracy and civil society in a volatile region.
The Ghana Health Service (GHS) is a Public Service body established under Act 525 of 1996 as required by the 1992 constitution. It is an autonomous Executive Agency responsible for implementation of national policies under the control of the Minister for Health through its governing Council - the Ghana Health Service Council... It's mandate [is] to provide and prudently manage comprehensive and accessible health service with special emphasis on primary health care at regional, district and sub-district levels in accordance with approved national policies.
Ghana, for example, receives shipments of old electronics under the guise of “donations” that are then dumped in massive yards in the slums of Agbogbloshie in the capital city, Accra. The Ghanian government reports that in 2009 alone, 215,000 metric tons of electronics were imported from the E.U. and U.S., 15 percent of which immediately became trash.
In countries as distant as Ghana and South Africa populist politicians have declared open season on foreign miners’ profits. In some cases the companies have more or less graciously accepted higher taxes. Elsewhere they are infuriated by the threat of expropriation.
Meteorological and other research is highlighting new regions [for surfers] to explore. The forecast models show that much of Africa’s 16,000-mile (26,000km) coastline abounds with the right kinds of waves. And at many of those beaches there are no surfers at all. The Black Star Surf Camp, established in 2006 at Busua Beach in Ghana, has grown fast thanks to visitors from America, Europe and Asia.
Chiefs have a complex relationship with the Ghanaian state: recognized in the constitution but not given a clear function in the governance of the country, at least some emerge as legitimate interlocutors of the government on behalf of their populations and their development aspirations. Some go so far as to lobby donors for development aid.
Despite its natural resources and one of the highest GDPs per capita in Africa, Ghana, a country of about 23 million, suffers from a low 65 percent adult literacy rate, according to a 2009 United Nations Development Program report.
The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval Ghana Empire of West Africa. The actual name of the Empire was Ouagadougou. Ghana was the title of the kings who ruled the kingdom. It was controlled by Sundiata in 1240 AD, and absorbed into the larger Mali Empire.
More than 250 languages and dialects are spoken in Ghana. English is the country's official language and predominates government and business affairs. It is also the standard language used for educational instruction.
Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa (in 1957 under Kwame Nkrumah's leadership) to gain its independence. It was also a country where that promise of freedom dissipated as Nkrumah went to one-party rule and ended up overthrown in a coup.