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Martinique

Martinique

Martinique is an island in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of 1,128 km2. Like Guadeloupe, it is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department. To the northwest lies Dominica, to the south St Lucia, and to the southeast Barbados.

 

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Jennifer Smeriglio

Jennifer Smeriglio

24 Knowledge Cards

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The year of 1848 in the history of Martinique saw slavery abolished and thousands of immigrants reached the island from India and the surrounding area for work on the island's plantations substituting the once thriving slave labor.

Article: The Maritime Heritage Pro...
Source: Martinique Maritime Histo...

Due to the boom in sugar, the island became one fought over by the British and the island saw a change of hands in official ownership several times over the passing years.

Article: The Maritime Heritage Pro...
Source: Martinique Maritime Histo...

Martinique acquired the status of a French overseas department. Today, Martinique is represented by 4 members of parliament and 2 senators.

Article: Heritage
Source: Martinique
Jennifer Smeriglio

Jennifer Smeriglio

24 Knowledge Cards 

Occured on March 19th 1946

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Martinique’s heritage is an intriguing mix of Creole, African, French and Indian cultures. The deep roots of the Creole culture come directly from Africa and are alive and well in daily life.

Article: Heritage
Source: Martinique

This diversity stems from the cultural mixing of the island’s successive inhabitants: Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, Indians, Levantines and Asians.

Article: Overview
Source: Martinique

Creole, Martinique’s “second language”, was created in the Americas by Africans. Locals often use this dialect to better express intimacy, humor and philosophy.

Article: Heritage
Source: Martinique

The most important celebration in Martinique is the Carnival which takes place from the Sunday after the Epiphany to Ash Wednesday. It is the opportunity for parades, dancing, beauty and costume contests in each and every village of the island.

Article: Culture and traditions Ma...
Source: Holiday Comparison - Trav...

The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GNI and the small industrial sector for 11%.

Article: ___ Martinique
Source: Guide to the Countries of...

The terrain is mountainous, especially in the rainforested northern part, where the volcano Montagne Pelée rises to a height of 1,397m (4,582 ft.).

Article: Introduction to Martiniqu...
Source: Introduction in Martiniqu...

Martinique became a domain of the French crown in 1674. It became an overseas department of France in 1946.

Article: Martinique
Source: Infoplease
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